A Qualitative Study on Organizational Factors Affecting Occupational Accidents

  • Davood ESKANDARI Dept. of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Javad JAFARI Dept. of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Yadollah MEHRABI Dept. of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mostafa Pouyakian Dept. of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hossein CHARKHAND Dept. of HSE, Arya Sasol Petrochemical Company, Bushehr, Iran
  • Mostafa MIRGHOTBI Mail Dept. of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Occupational accident, Organizational factors, Qualitative research


Background: Technical, human, operational and organizational factors have been influencing the sequence of occupational accidents. Among them, organizational factors play a major role in causing occupational accidents. The aim of this research was to understand the Iranian safety experts’ experiences and perception of organizational factors.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in 2015 by using the content analysis technique. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 safety experts working in Iranian universities and industries and analyzed with a conventional qualitative content analysis method using the MAXQDA software.

Results: Eleven organizational factors’ sub-themes were identified: management commitment, management participation, employee involvement, communication, blame culture, education and training, job satisfaction, interpersonal relationship, supervision, continuous improvement, and reward system. The participants considered these factors as effective on occupational accidents.

Conclusion: The mentioned 11 organizational factors are probably involved in occupational accidents in Iran. Naturally, improving organizational factors can increase the safety performance and reduce occupational accidents.




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How to Cite
ESKANDARI D, JAFARI MJ, MEHRABI Y, Pouyakian M, CHARKHAND H, MIRGHOTBI M. A Qualitative Study on Organizational Factors Affecting Occupational Accidents. Iran J Public Health. 46(3):380-388.
Original Article(s)