Measurement of (226) Ra, (232) Th, (137) Cs and (40) K activities of Wheat and Corn Products in Ilam Province - Iran and Resultant Annual Ingestion Radiation Dose
Natural background radiation is the main source of human exposure to radioactive material. Soils naturally have radioactive mineral contents. The aim of this study is to determine natural ((238) U, (232) Th, (40) K) and artificial ((137) Cs) radioactivity levels in wheat and corn fields of Eilam province.HPGe detector was used to measure the concentration activity of (238) U and (232) Th series, (40) K and (137) Cs in wheat and corn samples taken from different regions of Eilam province, in Iran.In wheat and corn samples, the average activity concentrations of (226) Ra, (232) Th, (40) K and (137) Cs were found to be 1, 67, 0.5, 91.73, 0.01 and 0.81, 0.85, 101.52, 0.07 Bq/kg (dry weight), respectively. H ex and H in in the present work are lower than 1. The average value of H ex was found to be 0.02 and 0.025 and average value of H in to be found 0.025 and 0.027 in wheat fields samples and corn samples in Eilam provinces, respectively. The obtained values of AGDE are 30.49 mSv/yr for wheat filed samples and 37.89 mSv/yr for corn samples; the AEDE rate values are 5.28 mSv/yr in wheat filed samples and this average value was found to be 6.13 mSv/yr in corn samples in Eilam. Transfer factors (TFs) of long lived radionuclide such as (137) Cs, (226) Ra, (232) Th and (40) K from soils to corn and wheat plants have been studied by radiotracer experiments.The natural radioactivity levels in Eilam province are not at the range of high risk of morbidity and are under international standards.
|Issue||Vol 42 No 8 (2013)|
|137Cs 226Ra 232Th 40K Environmental radioactivity Gamma spectrometry HPGe detector|
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