Fungal Rhino Sinusitisin in Tehran, Iran


Background: Fungal rhino sinusitis (FRS) is an important infection of para nasal sinuses, which encompasses two main categories; invasive and noninvasive forms according to histopathological findings. Aspergillus spp are the most common species isolated from noninvasive form, while Mucorales are more frequently isolates from acute infections.

Methods: Four hundred fifty patients suspected to fungal rhino sinusitis were investigated in a cross-sectional
prospective study from June 2009 to Sep 2013. All patients under went endoscopic sinus surgery of the middle
meatus. Tissue biopsies were investigated for culture, histopathology and molecular examination.

Results: Totally, 87 patients were diagnosed with fungal rhinosinusitis. A. flavus was the most common etiological agent of chronic invasive form (CIFRS), allergic fungal rhino sinusitis (AFRS) and fungus ball (FB), while Rhizopus oryze (26.7%) was the most common cause of infection in acute invasive fungal rhino sinusitis (AIFR). However, a few  rare species such as Shyzophyllum commune and Fusarium proliferatum were also isolated.

Conclusion: Diabetes is the most important predisposing factor for patients with acute invasive form of sinusitis and the most involved sinuses were unilateral multiple sinuses and maxillary sinus.

IssueVol 44 No 3 (2015) QRcode
AFRS AIFR Fungal rhinosinusitis Fungus ball

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How to Cite
Nazeri M, Hashemi SJ, Ardehali M, Rezaei S, Seyedmousavi S, Zareei M, Hosseinjani E. Fungal Rhino Sinusitisin in Tehran, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 1;44(3):374-9.