Household Catastrophic Health Expenditure


Background: Fairness in financial contribution for health was determined by WHO (World Health Report, 2000) as the third goal of health systems which is measured by fairness in financial contribution index (FFCI). The aim of this study was to estimate FFCI and quantify extent of catastrophic household heath expenditures.
Methods: We conducted a descriptive study during May 2008. Subjects were chosen by "Systematic Random sampling" among residents of Maskan's population- based research center (Maskan Center) in Kermanshah, Iran. After complet­ing in­formed consent form, we collected data using a questionnaire by interview with head of family. In order to describing data and estimating FFCI, we used descriptive statistics and WHO methodology, respectively. Households with catastrophic expendi­tures and impoverished households were defined as those with health expenditures over 40% and 50% of their abil­ity to pay, respectively.
Results: The mean age of head of families was 48.96±12.86 years. From 189; 12.7% of household's heads were female. 75.1% of households were covered by at least one health insurance scheme. FFCI was 0.57. The proportion of house­holds fac­ing catastrophic health expenditures was 22.2% (95% CI=16.3%-28.1%).
Conclusion: The rate of FFCI among participants implied an inequality in health financing contribution. In addition, many of households (22.2%) faced catastrophic health expenditures while according to WHO estimation, the figure in the whole coun­try was 2% in 1999. Our study revealed the importance of protecting households against the costs of ill-health.

IssueVol 40 No 1 (2011) QRcode
Fair Financing Contribution Index (FFCI) Catastrophic health expenditures

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How to Cite
Daneshkohan A, Karami M, Najafi F, Karami Matin B. Household Catastrophic Health Expenditure. Iran J Public Health. 1;40(1):94-99.