Original Article

Effects of Physical Exercise Motives on Physical Health and Aerobic Fitness of Teenagers


Background: A good level of physical fitness helps teenagers maintain a good state in daily study and life and enables them to cope well with emergencies. We aimed to explore the influences of physical exercise motives on the physical health and aerobic fitness of teenagers.

Methods: A total of 982 teenagers aged between 13 and 16 years in the four districts of Guangzhou City, China from January to December 2019 were selected randomly with the assistance of communities. Their physical exercise motives and exercise behaviors were investigated using a questionnaire survey, and their physical health indexes and aerobic fitness were assessed. The relationships of physical exercise motives and behaviors with physical health and aerobic fitness were analyzed.

Results: Teenagers who have higher physical health scores show significantly increasing trends in their scores in exercise motives and different dimensions, exercise behaviors, and aerobic fitness scores (P<0.05). Physical exercise motives show significant correlations with exercise behaviors, physical health, and aerobic fitness. Moreover, exercise behaviors show significantly positive correlations with physical health and aerobic fitness (P<0.05). Physical exercise motives have a positive effect on exercise behaviors, physical health, and aerobic activities, and exercise behaviors have a positive effect on physical health and aerobic activities (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The physical exercise motives of teenagers have positive and prediction effects on exercise behaviors, physical health, and aerobic fitness. Exciting physical exercise motives can promote the physical exercise behaviors of teenagers and improve their physical health and aerobic fitness.

1. Zhang Y, He L (2016). Dynamic analysis of physical health status of Chinese adoles-cents: Based on four national physical health monitoring data from 2000 to 2014. China Youth Res, 6: 5-12.
2. Dėdelė A, Bartkutė Ž, Chebotarova Y, Miškinytė A (2021). The relationship be-tween the healthy diet index, chronic dis-eases, obesity and lifestyle risk factors among adults in Kaunas city, Lithuania. Front Nutr, 8: 599567.
3. Yan X, Luo DM, Zhang JS, Lei YT, Hu OJ, Song Y (2020).Comparison of status of physical activity time at school and influ-encing factors in students in China, 2010 and 2014.Chin J Epidemiol, 41(3): 373-8.
4. Urquiza M, Echeverria I, Besga A, et al (2020). Determinants of participation in a post-hospitalization physical exercise program for older adults. BMC Geriatr, 20(1): 408.
5. Kotaman H, Evran D (2021). Impact of physical exercise on teacher candidates academic learning performance and state motivation. Learn Motiv, 73(1):101709.
6. Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Tehrani H, Robat-Sarpooshi D, GHolian–Aval M, Jafari A, Alizadeh-Siuki H (2021). The impact of health education on nutritional behaviors in female students: An application of health belief model. Int J Health Promot, 59(2): 70-82.
7. Welsman J, Armstrong N (2019). Interpret-ing aerobic fitness in youth: alternatives to ratio scaling: A response to Blais et al (2019). Pediatr Exerc Sci, 31(2): 256-7.
8. Spence JC, McGannon KR, Poon P (2005). The effect of exercise on global self-esteem: A quantitative review. J Sport Ex-ercise Psy, 27(3): 311-34.
9. Gao QY (2019). Logistic regression analysis of physical activity level and health related quality of life in adolescents. J Sports Adult Educ, 35(6): 34-40.
10. Luo XL (2019). Investigation and analysis of the influence of health belief on college students’ physical exercises-taking Hunan University of arts and sciences as an ex-ample. Contemp Sports Tech, 9(10): 167-71.
11. Hu XQ, Tang Y, Huang X, Zhang JL, Fan HY (2020). Research progress on the ef-fect of physical education learning from the perspective of self-determination mo-tivation theory. China Sport Sci, 40(4): 67-77.
12. Hu HX, Lv YJ, He QN, Song WD (2019). Verification and comparison of running assessment methods for male university students’ aerobic capacity/cardioresp-iratory fitness. J Chengdu Sport Univ, 45(5): 115-21.
13. Zhou ZX, Jing LJ (2020). The intermediate role of sports skills learning intention in the process of college students’ sports motivation from the perspective of exer-cise behavior theory. Bull Sport Sci Technol, 28(6): 42-5.
14. Ryan RM, Frederick CM, Lepes D, Rubio N, Sheldon KM (1997). Intrinsic motiva-tion and exercise adherence. Int J Sport Psychol, 28(4): 335-54.
15. Liang DQ (1994). Stress level of college stu-dents and its relationship with physical exercise. Chin Ment Health J, 8(1): 5-6.
16. Zeng WJ (2017). A comparative study of the new and old edition of national students’ physical health standard. Contemp Sport Technol, 7(19): 252-3.
17. Song Y, Luo DM, Hu JP, Yan XJ, Zhang JS, Lei YT (2020). Trends of prevalence of excellent health status and physical fit-ness among Chinese Han students aged 13 to 18 years from 1985 to 2014. J Pe-king Univ (Health Sci), 52(2): 317-22.
18. Portela-Pino I, A López-Castedo, Martínez-Patio MJ, Valverde-Esteve T, Domínguez-Alonso J (2019). Gender dif-ferences in motivation and barriers for the practice of physical exercise in adoles-cence. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(1): 168.
19. Cerar K, Kondrič M, Sindik J (2017). The profiling of university of Ljubljana stu-dents according to their motives for ex-ercise participation. Zdr Varst, 56(2): 107-14.
20. Panahi R, Ebrahimi G, Kazemi SS, Tavousi M (2018). Health literacy: an effective component to overcome perceived barri-ers to adoption of preventive behaviors in the health belief model, J Educ Commu-nity Health, 5(3): 1-3.
21. Fullmer MO, Wilkinson C, Prusak KA, Eg-gett D, Pennington T (2017). Adolescent physical activity and motivational profiles while keeping a physical activity record. J Teac Phys Educ, 37(1): 1-11.
22. Lindell-Postigo D, Zurita-Ortega F, Ortiz-Franco M, González-Valero G (2020). Cross-sectional study of self-concept and gender in relation to physical activity and martial arts in Spanish adolescents during the COVID-19 lockdown. Educ Sci, 10(8): 210.
IssueVol 50 No 10 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v50i10.7503
Teenagers Physical exercise Motives Behaviors Physical health

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Wang J. Effects of Physical Exercise Motives on Physical Health and Aerobic Fitness of Teenagers. Iran J Public Health. 2021;50(10):2028-2037.