Effects of Diversified Sports Activity Module on Physical Fitness and Mental Health of 4–5-Year-Old Preschoolers
Background: Chinese children are poorer in sports activity as compared to foreign children and their prospects as to physical fitness are not optimistic. This study aimed to discuss the effects of diversified sports activity modules on physical fitness and mental health of preschoolers ages 4–5 years.
Methods: Sixty preschoolers aged 4–5-yr-old from two kindergartens in Jiaxing of China were selected randomly during Mar-Oct 2019. These respondents were divided into the experimental group (n=30) and the control group (n=30). The experimental group implemented the diversified sports activity module for 16 wk successively, 5 d per week, and 30-45 min per day. The control group adopted conventional sports activity. The body shape, physical fitness, and mental health of the two groups were measured and compared.
Results: For body shape, the height of the experimental group increased is significantly higher than that of the control group. The experimental and control groups show no significant differences in body weight. For physical fitness, the experimental group is significantly superior to the control group in testing results of standing long jump, double-feet continuous jump, balancing on one foot, tennis shot, sit-and-reach, and 10 m repeated run. For mental health, the testing results of action development, language development, and social development of the experimental group are significantly better than those of the control group.
Conclusion: The diversified sports activity module is not only conducive to strengthening the physical fitness of 4–5-year-old preschoolers but also improves their mental health.
2. Pérez-Ferra M, Quijano-López R, García-Martínez I (2020). Impact of educational habits on the learning of 3–6 year old children from the perspective of early childhood education teachers. Sustainabil-ity, 12(11):4388.
3. Ensink J, MHMD M, Zafarmand MH, et al (2020). Maternal environmental risk fac-tors and the development of internalizing and externalizing problems in childhood: the complex role of genetic factors. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet, 183(1): 17-25.
4. Lee J, Zhang T, Chu TLA, Gu X (2020). Ef-fects of a need-supportive motor skill in-tervention on children’s motor skill com-petence and physical activity. Children (Ba-sel), 7(3):21.
5. Binkley T, Specker B (2004). Increased peri-osteal circumference remains present 12 months after an exercise intervention in preschool children. Bone, 35(6): 1383-88.
6. Umezaki S, Nakatani T, Yamamoto D, Nak-asuga T, Mao H (2013). Effects of coor-dination exercise on the motion capacity of preschool children: Quantitative and qualitative changes in throwing and catch-ing ability. Jpn J Hum Growth Dev Res, 59: 27-40.
7. Daly-Smith AJ, Zwolinsky S, Mckenna J, et al (2018). Systematic review of acute phys-ically active learning and classroom movement breaks on children’s physical activity, cognition, academic performance and classroom behaviour: understanding critical design features. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med, 4(1): e000341.
8. Toussaint N, Streppel MT, Mul S, et al (2020). The effects of the PLAYTOD program on children’s physical activity at preschool playgrounds in a deprived ur-ban area: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(1): 329.
9. Wang X, Liu Y (2018). Cooperative Learn-ing Method in Physical Education Teach-ing Based on Multiple Intelligence Theo-ry. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 18(5): 2176-86.
10. McClelland MM, Cameron CE (2019). De-veloping together: The role of executive function and motor skills in children’s early academic lives. Early Child Res Q, 46:142-51.
11. Cheng YY, Xiong ZF, He AN (2018). Indi-vidualized intervention for autistic chil-dren based on theory of multiple intelli-gences. J Nurs, 25(1): 58-60.
12. Luo DM, Yao TC, Sha QU, et al (2019). Development and application of self-rating scale of physical activity intensity for preschool children, J Beijing Sport Univ, 42(4): 139-49.
13. Zhang JP, Wang W, Liang RM, et al (2019). The preliminary research on mental health with cochlear implanted children. J Audiol Speech Pathology, 27(4): 410-3.
14. Gong YJ, Guo YY, Yuan T (2019). Impacts of sports game curriculum on growth and development of preschool children aged 3 to 5 years, Chin J School Health, 40(10): 1533-35.
15. Song H, Cho S, Lee HY, et al (2018). The effects of progressive resistance exercise on recovery rate of bone and muscle in a rodent model of hindlimb suspension. Front Physiol, 9: 1085.
16. Pu HL, Yang D (2017). Experimental study on physical development of children through physical intelligent and kids' ath-letics courses. J Shenyang Sport Univ, 36(1): 124-8.
17. Ye Q, Xu K, Qian JY, et al (2018). Design and application of augmented reality sports game in children’s physical educa-tion. Educ Res, 39(1): 122-8.
18. Liu Y, Li MD (2017). Interventional effect of outdoor sports games on the physical development of preschool children in Wuhan city. Chin J School Health, 38(1): 69-71.
19. Chen X, Song Y, Ye K (2018). Physical health status of children aged 3 to 6 in Soochow. Chin J Child Health Care, 26(9): 1017-20.
20. Cha P, Shen QQ, Ren YC (2018). Effects of child gymnastics on gross motor devel-opment. Chin J School Health, 39(2): 197-9.
21. Zhao Y, Li Y, Zhou X (2019). Study on the influence of outward-bound psychologi-cal resilience and life satisfaction of the left-behind children. Mod Prev Med, 46(2): 72-5.
22. Claver‐Cortés E, Marco‐Lajara B, Úbeda‐García M, et al (2020). Students’ percep-tion of CSR and its influence on business performance. A multiple mediation analy-sis. Business Ethics: A Eur Rev, 29: 722– 736.
23. Shin GT, Ahn CK (2017). The effects of participation in sports activities after-school on interpersonal relationship and social support for middle school stu-dents. Korean J Mater Res, 26(4): 613-22.
24. Lin K, Stubbs B, Zou W, Xu G (2020). Aer-obic exercise impacts the anterior cingu-late cortex in adolescents with subthresh-old mood syndromes: a randomized controlled trial study. Transl Psychiatry, 10: 155.
|Issue||Vol 50 No 6 (2021)|
|Sports activity Diversified intelligence theory Preschoolers Physical fitness Mental health|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|