Original Article

Socio-Economic Factors Affecting the Regional Spread and Out-break of COVID-19 in China


Background: This study investigated the impact of socio-economic factors on the spread and outbreak of COVID-19 based on Chinese data.

Methods: Cumulative confirmed cases were collected and divided into the First-stage cases cluster dominated by imported cases, and the Second-stage cases cluster dominated by secondary cases, according to the time of emergency state and Wuhan city lockdown. The linear regression was used for data analysis.

Results: A total of 12,877 cases in 30 provinces were analyzed in the study. The First-stage cases cluster included 675 cases and Second-stage cases cluster included 12,202 cases. The socio-economic factors were significantly associated with the cases (P<0.05). The GDP and proportion of population moving out of Wuhan were associate with the First-stage dominated by imported cases (b>0, P<0.05). The First-stage cases cluster, proportion of population moving out of Wuhan and urban population were associate with the Second-stage dominated by secondary cases (b>0, P<0.05).

Conclusion: Socio-economic factors had impacts on the spread and outbreak of COVID-19. The combination of different socio-economic indicators at different stages of the epidemic may help control the epidemic.

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IssueVol 50 No 7 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v50i7.6620
Socio-economic COVID-19 Epidemic Spread Outbreak China

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Yang L, Qi C, Yang Z, Shang L, Xie G, Wang R, Sun L, Xu M, Yang W, Chung MC. Socio-Economic Factors Affecting the Regional Spread and Out-break of COVID-19 in China. Iran J Public Health. 50(7):1324-1333.