Review Article

Disaster and Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review


Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients experience a variety of disease caused disabilities that makes them more vulnerable to the effects of disasters. This study aimed to review all existed studies about disasters and related disaster management planning about MS patients.

Methods: The PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science, ProQuest, science direct , and grey literature databases were searched up to the mid of 2021. All obtained titles were assessed by the inclusion criteria. Abstracts of the relevant titles were reviewed and eligible articles/documents were included for full text review and data abstraction.

Results: From 24616 Articles/documents, finally 15 documents (13 articles, and 2 books) were selected. In 8 articles (53%) specifically, focused on MS patients and, in the rest focused on them as a member of people with disabilities. Most studies (10, 71.4%), emphasized on the disaster induced stress effect on MS patients. In two books/book sections, the disaster preparedness plan for all types of disabilities was presented in general, and MS patients were mentioned as a member of the group of patients with disabilities.

Conclusion: Despite the importance of planning in response to disasters to address specific problems of MS patients, there is a lack of proper planning. This is very important and there is an urgent need to develop appropriate planning protocols for addressing the special conditions of MS patients in response to disasters.

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IssueVol 51 No 9 (2022) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Disasters Multiple sclerosis Vulnerable populations Disabled persons

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How to Cite
HabibiSaravi R, Baghbanian SM, Navaie R, Sayfouri N, Seyedin H, Gohardehi F, Ghasemihamedani F. Disaster and Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review. Iran J Public Health. 2022;51(9):1936-1949.