Aggression and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Depressed Youths: The Mediating Effect of Resilience
Background: The global spread of COVID-19 not only exerted an enormous impact on the public in different countries but also aggravated depression among youths. The aggressive tendencies of depressed individuals can harm their body and life and threaten those of others. The aggressive and non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors of depressed youths may seriously affect their physical and psychological health if not identified and mediated promptly.
Method: A total of 875 young respondents (including college students, community youths, migrant workers, and so on) from three provinces in China were surveyed in 2020 using a depression scale, non-suicidal self-injury scale, aggression scale, and resilience scale.
Results: Depression, non-suicidal self-injury, and aggression are significantly higher among the members of the depression group compared with the members of the healthy control group (P<0.001), and the resilience of the members of the former group is remarkably lower than that of the members of the latter group (P<0.001). Aggression among the depressed youths exhibits a significant positive correlation with non-suicidal self-injury (r= 0.43, P<0.01), whereas aggression (r= –0.18, P<0.05) and non-suicidal self-injury (r= –0.20, P<0.05) demonstrates significant negative correlations with resilience. The resilience of the youths in the depression group plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between aggression and non-suicidal self-injury.
Conclusion: The more aggressive the behaviors of the depressed youths, the more serious their non-suicidal self-injurious symptoms. Furthermore, resilience plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between aggression and non-suicidal self-injury.
2. Brygid AK, Anna K, Filip R, et al (2019). The prevalence of depression and in-somnia symptoms among patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in Poland: a case control study. Psychol Health Med, 24(3): 333-43.
3. Livia A, Sofie W (2019). Inverse association between serum albumin and depressive symptoms among drug-free individuals with a recent suicide attempt. Nord J Psy-chiat, 73(4-5): 229-34.
4. Hill SY, Jones BL, Haas GL (2020). Suicidal ideation and aggression in childhood, genetic variation and young adult depres-sion. J Affect Disorders, 276(1): 954-62.
5. Ducasse D, Lopez CJ, Dassa D, et al (2020). Exploring the boundaries between bor-derline personality disorder and suicidal behavior disorder. Eur Arch Psy Clin N, 270(8): 959-67.
6. Selby EA, Kranzler A, Fehling KB, et al (2015). Non-suicidal self-injury disorder: the path to diagnostic validity and final obstacles. Clin Psychol Rev, 38: 79-91.
7. Sadiq S, Mehmood A, Ullah S (2020). Ag-gression detection through deep neural model on twitter. Future Gener Comp Sy, 114: 120-9.
8. Rice DB, Young NC, Johnson D, et al (2020). Overall justice and supervisor conscientiousness: implications for ethical leadership and employee self-esteem. Bus Ethics, 29(4): 856-69.
9. Johnson SL, Tharp JA, Peckham AD, et al (2017). A path model of different forms of impulsivity with externalizing and in-ternalizing psychopathology: towards greater specificity. Br J Clin Psychol, 56(3): 235-52.
10. Nyberg J, Gustavsson S, Aberg AI (2019). Late-adolescent risk factors for suicide and self-harm in middle-aged men: ex-plorative prospective population-based study. Br J Psychiat, 217(1): 370-6.
11. Rodriguez, TP, Rostami G, Walter D, et al (2018). Identity diffusion among adoles-cents validation of the inventory of per-sonality organization in a clinical adoles-cent sample (IPO-A). Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr, 67(7): 657-73.
12. Brailovskaia J, Teismann T, Margraf J (2020). Positive mental health, stressful life events, and suicide ideation a 2-year follow-up study. Crisis, 41(5): 383-8.
13. Clear SJ, Gardner AA, Webb HJ, et al (2020). Common and distinct correlates of depression, anxiety, and aggression: attachment and emotion regulation of sadness and anger. J Adult Dev, 27(3): 181-91.
14. Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB (2001). The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med, 16(9): 606-13.
15. Wan YH, Liu W, Hao JH, et al (2018). De-velopment and evaluation on reliability and validity of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury assessment questionnaire. Chin J School Health, 39(2): 170-3.
16. Li XY, Fei LP, Zhang YL, et al (2011). De-velopment, reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Buss & Perry aggres-sion questionnaire. Chin J Nerv Men Dis, 37(10): 607-13.
17. Smith BW, Dalen J, Wiggins K, et al (2008). The brief resilience scale: assessing the ability to bounce back. Int J Behav Med, 15(3): 194-200.
18. Ndreou E, Roussi VC, Didaskalou E, et al (2020). School bullying, subjective well-being, and resilience. Psychol Schools, 57(8): 1193-207.
19. Lee SW, Yang JM, Moon SY (2020). Asso-ciation between mental illness and COVID-19 susceptibility and clinical out-comes in South Korea: a nationwide co-hort study. Lancet Psychat, 7(12): 1025-31.
20. Sharif S, Amin F, Hafiz M, et al (2020). COVID 19-depression and neurosur-geons. World Neurosurg, 140: 401-10.
21. Mathes BM, Kennedy GA, Morabito DM, et al (2020). A longitudinal investigation of the association between rumination, hostility, and PTSD symptoms among trauma-exposed individuals. J Affect Disor-ders, 277: 322-8.
22. Gamez GM, Wachs S, Wright M (2020). “Haters back off!” psychometric proper-ties of the coping with cyberhate ques-tionnaire and relationship with well-being in Spanish adolescents. Psicothema, 32(4): 567-74.
23. Hafeman DM, Rooks B, Merranko J, et al (2020). Lithium versus other mood-stabilizing medications in a longitudinal study of youth diagnosed with bipolar disorder. J Am Acad Child Psy, 59(10): 1146-55.
24. Maddox BB, Trubanova A, White SW (2016). Untended wounds: non-suicidal self-injury in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 21(4): 412-22.
25. Gambaro E, Mastrangelo M, Sarchiapone M, et al (2020). Resilience, trauma, and hopelessness: protective or triggering fac-tor for the development of psycho-pathology among migrants? BMC Psychia-try, 20(1): 1-15.
26. Maor R, Gross Z (2020). Resilience as a po-tential factor in explaining the attitudes of adults who were socially rejected during their school years towards minority groups and foreigners. J Aggress, Maltreat T, 29(9): 1092-112.
27. Motti SF, Pavlopoulos V, Mastrotheodoros S, et al (2020). Longitudinal interplay be-tween peer likeability and youth’s adapta-tion and psychological well-being: a study of immigrant and nonimmigrant adoles-cents in the school context. Int J Behav Dev, 44(5): 393-403.
28. Strotmann H, Volkert J, Schmidt M (2019). Multinational companies: can they foster well-being in the eyes of the poor? Re-sults from an empirical case study. Int J Corp Soc Resp, 4: 2.
29. Djourova NP, Rodriguez MI, Tordera SN, et al (2020). Self-efficacy and resilience: mediating mechanisms in the relationship between the transformational leadership dimensions and well-being. J Leadersh Org Stud, 27(3): 256-70.
30. Kremer KP, Poon CS, Jones CL, et al (2020). Risk and resilience among chil-dren with incarcerated parents: examining heterogeneity in delinquency and school outcomes. J Child Fam Stud, 29(11): 3239-52.
|Issue||Vol 50 No 2 (2021)|
|Youth Aggression Non-suicidal self-injury Resilience|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|