Original Article

Body Mass Index and Measures of Body Fat for Defining Obe-sity and Underweight: A Cross-Sectional of Various Specialties in Montenegrin Army Soldiers

Abstract


Background
: The body composition and physical fitness of members of the army is always a relevant topic for research, since the level of defense and security of people and material goods in a specific territory in many ways depends on the level of ability of the army. However, members of the armed forces are a heterogeneous group, typified by different abilities, characteristics, but also everyday needs, and the trend of changing body composition and reducing physical fitness is a current issue that has not bypassed this population either. Therefore, this study aimed to determine possible differences in body composition indicators that could appear between members of the Army of Montenegro of different military specialties.

Methods: The sample of respondents included 240 Montenegrin male soldiers (32.5yr±9.5), who were measured at the sports dispensaries within the barracks of Montenegrin Army around the country in the spring of 2020, was classified into eight numerically equal subsamples according to their military specialty. The sample of variables included five anthropometric measures, which were necessary to calculate two derived body composition indicators: Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage (FAT %). Using the one-way ANOVA and Post Hoc test with Taki’s model, the variables were analyzed.

Results: It was determined that the body composition of Montenegrin soldiers shows a certain peculiarity compared to other national military corps, while there are differences in body composition indicators between members of the Montenegrin Army of different military specialties.

Conclusion: This fact dramatically strengthens the issues of Montenegrin distinctive regarding body composition, both in general terms and in terms of distinctive within specific professional vocations.
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IssueVol 49 No 12 (2020) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2020-11-29
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v49i12.4821
Keywords
Anthropometry Nutrition Physical fitness Military Montenegro

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How to Cite
1.
POPOVIC S, BANJEVIC B, MASANOVIC B, BJELICA D. Body Mass Index and Measures of Body Fat for Defining Obe-sity and Underweight: A Cross-Sectional of Various Specialties in Montenegrin Army Soldiers. Iran J Public Health. 49(12):2376-2383.