Review Article

Nurses’ Roles in Nursing Disaster Model: A Systematic Scoping Review


Background: Nurses have a continuous presence and crucial role in response to disasters. During disasters, nurses apply specific knowledge and skills to minimize victims’ health and life-threatening risks. Nurses’ roles in crisis are not clearly stated in resources. Thus, this study aimed to explore nurses’ role in the nursing disaster model.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted using Joanna Briggs Institute framework. The review considered primary research and reviewed literature from following databases, including Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar, as well as the reference lists of articles identified for full-text review. Eligibility criteria were outlined as a priori to guide the literature selection.

Results: Eight of 60 eligible articles met the inclusion criteria. The studies were conducted in different countries with no limit of time of published articles. The publications’ design were three systematic reviews, one meta-synthesis, two qualitative types of research, one quasi-experimental, and one case study. The results showed nurses’ roles in the three stages before, during, and after the crisis.

Conclusion: This review provided a comprehensive understanding of the concept of the nursing role in the crisis, and nurses could be useful to save victims through preparing and implementing effective care at different stages of a crisis.

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IssueVol 50 No 5 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Disaster Nursing Crisis Nursing models Nurse’s role Nursing care Scoping systematic review

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How to Cite
Firouzkouhi M, Kako M, Abdollahimohammad A, Balouchi A, Farzi J. Nurses’ Roles in Nursing Disaster Model: A Systematic Scoping Review. Iran J Public Health. 2021;50(5):879-887.