Nurses’ Roles in Nursing Disaster Model: A Systematic Scoping Review
Background: Nurses have a continuous presence and crucial role in response to disasters. During disasters, nurses apply specific knowledge and skills to minimize victims’ health and life-threatening risks. Nurses’ roles in crisis are not clearly stated in resources. Thus, this study aimed to explore nurses’ role in the nursing disaster model.
Methods: A scoping review was conducted using Joanna Briggs Institute framework. The review considered primary research and reviewed literature from following databases, including Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar, as well as the reference lists of articles identified for full-text review. Eligibility criteria were outlined as a priori to guide the literature selection.
Results: Eight of 60 eligible articles met the inclusion criteria. The studies were conducted in different countries with no limit of time of published articles. The publications’ design were three systematic reviews, one meta-synthesis, two qualitative types of research, one quasi-experimental, and one case study. The results showed nurses’ roles in the three stages before, during, and after the crisis.
Conclusion: This review provided a comprehensive understanding of the concept of the nursing role in the crisis, and nurses could be useful to save victims through preparing and implementing effective care at different stages of a crisis.
2. Jahanbakhsh M, Tavakoli N, Hadadpour A (2011). Designing DisasterVictim›Medical Record a Step Toward Crisis Manage-ment. Health Inform Manag, 7(4):400-9.
3. Ebadi M, Shrifi far S (2014). Utilization of jennings model in crisis management strategies in the military nursing. J Nurse & Physician Within War, 23(24):40-6.
4. Hammad K, Arbon P, Gebbie K (2011). Emergency nurses and disaster response: an exploration of South Australian emer-gency nurses’ knowledge and perceptions of their roles in disaster response. Aust Emerg Nurs J, 14(2):87-94.
5. Conlon L, Wiechula R (2011). Preparing nurses for future disasters—the Sichuan experience. Aust Emerg Nurs J, 14(4):246-50.
6. Shahabi N, Nejati Z, Zaboli R, Khlilifar S (2016). Assessment of clinical skills of nurses in crisis handling in military hospi-tals. Ebnsina Journal, 17(4):52-7.
7. Usher K, Redman-MacLaren ML, et al (2015). Strengthening and preparing: en-hancing nursing research for disaster management. Nurse Educ Pract, 15(1):68-74.
8. Al Thobaity A, Plummer V, Innes K, Copnell B (2015). Perceptions of knowledge of disaster management among military and civilian nurses in Saudi Arabia. Australas Emerg Nurs J, 18(3):156- 64.
9. Firouzkouhi M, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Abdollahimohammad A (2018). Thematic analysis of management behaviors of ci-vilian nurses in Iran-Iraq War 1980–1988: A historical research. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res, 23(4):267-271.
10. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Azami-Aghdash S, Kazemi A, Ziapour B (2015). Crisis man-agement aspects of bam catastrophic earthquake. Health Promot Perspect, 5(1):3-13.
11. Mohammad M, Firouzkouhi M, Abdol-lahimohammad A (2018). Experiences of Pre-hospital Emergency Personals in Road Traffic Injuries of South-East of Iran: Qualitative Research. La Prensa Medi-ca, 5: 1-5.
12. Querol SE, Al-Khudairy L, Iqbal R, Johnson S, Gill P (2020). Adolescent undernutri-tion in South Asia: a scoping review pro-tocol. BMJ Open, 10(1): e031955.
13. Peters MD, Godfrey CM, Khalil HB, et al (2015). Guidance for conducting system-atic scoping reviews. Int J Evid Based Healthc, 13(3):141–146.
14. Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, et al (2018). PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. Ann Intern Med, 169(7):467-73.
15. Ma LL, Wang YY, Yang ZH, et al (2020). Methodological quality (risk of bias) as-sessment tools for primary and second-ary medical studies: what are they and which is better? Mil Med Res,7(1):7.
16. Wynd C (2006). A proposed model for mili-tary disaster nursing. Online J Issues Nurs, 11(3): 5.
17. Jennings-Sanders A (2004). Teaching disas-ter nursing by utilizing the Jennings Dis-aster Nursing Management Model. Nurse Educ Pract, 4: 69-76.
18. Springer J, Casey-Lockyer M (2016). Evolu-tion of a nursing model for identifying client needs in a disaster shelter: a case study with the American Red Cross. Nurs Clin North Am, 51(4):647-62.
19. Blake S, Howard D, Eiring H, Tared S (2012). San Diego’s area coordinator sys-tem a disaster preparedness model for US nursing homes. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 6: 424–427.
20. Hugelius K, Adolfsson A (2019). The HOPE model for disaster nursing–A systematic literature review. Int Emerg Nurs, 45:1-9.
21. Noviana U, Miyazaki M (2016). Ishimaru M. Meaning in life: a conceptual model for disaster nursing practice. Int J Nurs Pract, 22 Suppl 1:65-75.
22. Shinchi K, Matsunaga H, Fukuyama Y (2019). Proposal of a model of disaster medical education for practical risk man-agement and disaster nursing: the SIN-CHI education model. Prehosp Disaster Med, 34(4):438-41.
23. Mustikasari M, Fadhillah H, Pratiwi A, et al (2020). Disaster Nursing Model: An Ap-proach to Reduce Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome Prevalence in Nurses. Hospital, 146(16):90-1.
24. Najafi M, Ardalan A, Akbarisari A, Noor-bala A A, Elmi H (2017). The Theory of Planned Behavior and Disaster Prepar-edness. PLoS Curr, 9:ecurrents.dis.4da18e0f1479bf6c0a94b29e0dbf4a72.
25. Al Khalaileh MA, Bond E, Alasad JA (2012). Jordanian nurses’ perceptions of their preparedness for disaster management. Int Emerg Nurs, 20(1):14-23.
26. King H C, Spritzer N, Al-Azzeh N (2019). Perceived Knowledge, Skills, and Prepar-edness for Disaster Management Among Military Health Care Personnel. Mil Med, 184(9-10): e548–e554.
27. Rivers F, Speraw S, Phillips-Kenneth D, Lee J (2010). A Review of Nurses in Disaster Preparedness and Response: Military and Civilian Collaboration. J Homel Secur Emerg Manag, 7(1):61.
28. Wenji Z, Turale S, Stone T E, Petrini M A (2015). Chinese nurses’ relief experiences following two earthquakes: implications for disaster education and policy devel-opment. Nurse Educ Pract, 15(1):75-81.
29. Kalanlar B (2019). The Challenges and Op-portunities in Disaster Nursing Educa-tion in Turkey. J Trauma Nurs, 26(3):164-70.
30. Firouzkouhi M, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Kako M, Abdollahimohammad A (2017). Experiences of civilian nurses in triage during the Iran-Iraq War: An oral history. Chin J Traumatol. 20(5):288-92.
31. Brown LM, Hickling EJ, Frahm K (2010). Emergencies, disasters, and catastrophic events: The role of rehabilitation nurses in preparedness, response, and recovery. Rehabil Nurs, 35(6):236-41.
32. Ching PE, Lazaro RT (2019). Preparation, roles, and responsibilities of Filipino oc-cupational therapists in disaster prepar-edness, response, and recovery. Disabil Rehabil, 1-8. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2019.1663945.
33. Chan SS, Chan WS, Cheng Y, et al (2010). Development and evaluation of an un-dergraduate training course for develop-ing International Council of Nurses dis-aster nursing competencies in China. J Nurs Scholarsh, 42(4):405-13.
|Issue||Vol 50 No 5 (2021)|
|Disaster Nursing Crisis Nursing models Nurse’s role Nursing care Scoping systematic review|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|