The Risk Factors-Based Nursing Case Management Could Ef-fectively Reduce the Incidence of Pressure Sores in Hospitalized Patients
Background: To explore the effects of risk factors-based nursing management on the occurrence of pressure sores in hospitalized patients.
Methods: From Jan 2018 to Jun 2018, 289 hospitalized patients were divided into pressure sores group  and control group  for retrospective analysis. Overall, 260 hospitalized patients from Jun 2018 to Dec 2018 were followed up for nursing intervention. Overall 130 patients received risk factors-based nursing case management were in the intervention group, whereas 130 patients who received routine nursing care were in the control group. The chi-square test and t-test were used to compare the count data and the measurement data between groups, respectively.
Results: Age, body weight and proportions of patients with impaired nutritional intake, diabetes or stroke in pressure sores group were higher than those in normal group (P<0.05). Hospital stay and operative time in pressure sores group was longer than those in normal group (P<0.05). The frequency of assistant activity in pressure sores group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05).In addition, the score of uroclepsia in pressure sores group was lower than that in normal group (P<0.05). Patients in the intervention group showed lower risk for pressure sores and more satisfied than patients in control group (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Advanced age, high body weight, diabetes and stroke, long hospital stay, long operative time, poor nutritional status and severe uroclepsia were independent risk factors of pressure sores. Risk factors-based nursing case management can effectively reduce the occurrence and risk of pressure sores for hospitalized patients.
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|Issue||Vol 50 No 3 (2021)|
|Risk factors Pressure sores Hospitalized patients|
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