Review Article

Identifying and Describing Impact of Disasters on Non-Communicable Diseases: A Systematic Review

Abstract

Background: Patients with non-communicable diseases are vulnerable to disasters. This is a systematic review describing the impact of disasters on non-communicable diseases.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted using PRISMA standards. Relevant articles published from 1997 to 2019 collected by searching the Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, databases. We specifically examined reports describing NCDs and including the key words “non-communicable disease and Disasters”. NCDs included cardiovascular, respiratory, diabetes, cancer and mental health diseases.

Results: Of the 663 studies identified, only 48 articles met all the eligibility criteria. Most studies have shown the impact of all natural disasters on non-communicable diseases (39.8% n=19). The largest study was the effect of earthquakes on non-communicable diseases (29.2% n=14). For the NCDs targeted by this research, most of the included studies were a combination of four diseases: cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, diabetes and cancer (44% n=21). Followed by cardiovascular disease (14.6% n=7), chronic respiratory disease (12.5% n=6), diabetes and cancer (6.2% n=3) and mental health (12.5% n=6).

Conclusion: The incidence of disasters affects the management of treatment and care for patients with NCDs. Specific measures include a multi-part approach to ensuring that patients with non-communicable diseases have access to life-saving services during and after disasters. The approach of the health system should be expanded from traditional approaches to disasters and requires comprehensive planning of health care by policy makers and health professionals to develop effective strategies to enable patients to access medical, therapeutic and diagnostic services in natural disasters.

1. Murray CJ, Vos T, Lozano R, et al (2012). Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380:2197-2223.
2. Alliance. (2016). WHO Discussion Paper: Draft Updated Appendix 3 of the WHO Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020.
3. Organization WH (2011). The Brazzaville declaration on noncommunicable diseases prevention and control in the WHO African region. Brazzaville: WHO Africa Regional Office.
4. Organization WH (2013). Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2020.
5. Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, et al (2012). Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380(9859):2095-128.
6. Nugent R, Feigl A (2010). Where have all the donors gone? Scarce donor funding for non-communicable diseases. Center for global development working paper.
7. Bloom DE, Cafiero E, Jané-Llopis E, et al (2012). The global economic burden of noncommunicable diseases. Program on the Global Demography of Aging,
8. Organization WH (2014). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014. ed. World Health Organization.
9. Marrero S, Adashi EY (2015). Noncommunicable diseases. Seminars in reproductive medicine, Thieme Medical Publishers, pp. 035-040.
10. Dye C (2014). After 2015: infectious diseases in a new era of health and development. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 369(1645):20130426.
11. Habib SH, Saha S (2010). Burden of non-communicable disease: global overview. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Clinical Research and Reviews, 4(1):41-47.
12. Organization WH (2012). The great east Japan earthquake: a story of a devastating natural disaster, a tale of human compassion. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/207516
13. Mensah GA, Mokdad AH, Posner SF, et al (2005). When chronic conditions become acute: prevention and control of chronic diseases and adverse health outcomes during natural disasters. Prev Chronic Dis, 2: A04.
14. Jhung MA, Shehab N, Rohr-Allegrini C, et al (2007). Chronic disease and disasters: medication demands of Hurricane Katrina evacuees. Am J Prev Med, 33(3):207-10.
15. Gorji HA, Jafari H, Heidari M, et al (2018). Cancer patients during and after natural and man-made disasters: a systematic review. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 19(10):2695-2700.
16. Bandyopadhyay R, Paul R (2012). Lung problems in environmental disasters. Medicine, 22.
17. Chan E, Man A, Lam H (2019). Scientific evidence on natural disasters and health emergency and disaster risk management in Asian rural-based area. Br Med Bull, 129: 91–105.
18. Bell SA, Abir M, Choi H, et al (2018). All-cause hospital admissions among older adults after a natural disaster. Ann Emerg Med, 71(6):746-754.
19. Ryan B, Green J, Franklin R, et al (2019). Application of National and Sub-National Indicators to Rank Needs of People with Life-threatening Conditions and Chronic Diseases Before, During, and After a Disaster. Prehosp Disaster Med,34: s47-s47.
20. Bierman AS, Clancy CM (2001). Health disparities among older women: identifying opportunities to improve quality of care and functional health outcomes. J Am Med Womens Assoc (1972), 56(4):155-9.
21. Menotti A, Mulder I, Nissinen A, et al (2001). Prevalence of morbidity and multimorbidity in elderly male populations and their impact on 10-year all-cause mortality: The FINE study (Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Elderly). J Clin Epidemiol, 54(7):680-6.
22. Fernandez LS, Byard D, Lin C-C, et al (2002). Frail elderly as disaster victims: emergency management strategies. Prehosp Disaster Med, 17(2):67-74.
23. Chan EY, Kim J (2011). Chronic health needs immediately after natural disasters in middle-income countries: the case of the 2008 Sichuan, China earthquake. Eur J Emerg Med, 18(2):111-4.
24. Kloner RA, Leor J, Poole WK, et al (1997). Population-based analysis of the effect of the Northridge Earthquake on cardiac death in Los Angeles County, California. J Am Coll Cardiol, 30(5):1174-80.
25. Bethel JW, Foreman AN, Burke SC (2011). Disaster preparedness among medically vulnerable populations. Am J Prev Med, 40(2):139-43.
26. Owens JK, Martsolf DS (2014). Chronic Illness and Disasters: Development of a Theoretical Framework. The Qualitative Report, 19:1-23.
27. Demaio A, Jamieson J, Horn R, et al (2013). Non-communicable diseases in emergencies: a call to action. PLoS Curr, 5.
28. Slama S, Kim H-J, Roglic G, et al (2017). Care of non-communicable diseases in emergencies. The Lancet, 389:P326-330.
29. Mori K, Ugai K, Nonami Y, et al (2007). Health needs of patients with chronic diseases who lived through the great Hanshin earthquake. Disaster Manag Response, 5(1):8-13.
30. Aldrich N, Benson WF (2008). Disaster preparedness and the chronic disease nedds of vulnerable older adults. Prev Chronic Dis, 5(1):A27.
31. Uscher-Pines L, Hausman AJ, Powell S, DeMara P, Heake G, Hagen MG (2009). Disaster preparedness of households with special needs in southeastern Pennsylvania. Am J Prev Med, 37:227-230.
32. Ardalan A, Mazaheri M, Naieni KH, et al (2010). Older people's needs following major disasters: a qualitative study of Iranian elders' experiences of the Bam earthquake. Ageing and Society, 30(1):11-23.
33. Korteweg HA, van Bokhoven I, Yzermans C, et al (2010). Rapid health and needs assessments after disasters: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 10:295.
34. Ng J, Atkin S, Rigby A, et al (2011). The effect of extensive flooding in Hull on the glycaemic control of patients with diabetes. Diabet Med, 28(5):519-24.
35. Robinson B, Alatas MF, Robertson A, et al (2011). Natural disasters and the lung. Respirology, 16(3):386-95.
36. Kim Y (2011). Great East Japan Earthquake and early mental‐health‐care response. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci, 65(6):539-48.
37. Jiao Z, Kakoulides SV, Moscona J, et al (2012). Effect of Hurricane Katrina on incidence of acute myocardial infarction in New Orleans three years after the storm. Am J Cardiol, 109(4):502-5.
38. Ito K, Date T, Ogawa K, et al (2013). Transient increase in blood pressure after the Great East Japan Earthquake in patients with hypertension living around Tokyo. Int J Cardiol, 162(3):258-60.
39. Kobayashi S, Hanagama M, Yamanda S, et al (2013). The impact of a large-scale natural disaster on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the aftermath of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. Respiratory Investigation, 51(1):17-23.
40. Matsumoto K, Shirasawa H, Iwadate T, et al (2013). [Challenges faced by psychiatric services in Miyagi Prefecture after the Great East Japan Earthquake]. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, 115(5):492-8.
41. Popoola A, Krasnoshtan D, Toth A-P, et al (2013). Information verification during natural disasters. Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on World Wide Web, pp. 1029-1032.
42. Funayama M, Mizushima J (2013). Severity of pre-existing psychiatric illness and response to the Great East Japan Earthquake. J Psychiatr Res, 47(10):1479-82.
43. Kang K (2014). Disaster preparedness among vulnerable older adults with chronic diseases: Results from a cross‐sectional study in I ncheon, K orea. Nurs Health Sci, 16(1):46-51.
44. Ko JY, Strine TW, Allweiss P (2014). Conditions and Household Preparedness for Public Health Emergencies: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2006–2010. Prehosp Disaster Med, 29(1): 13–20.
45. Nakayama T, Tanaka S, Uematsu M, et al (2014). Effect of a blackout in pediatric patients with home medical devices during the 2011 eastern Japan earthquake. Brain Dev, 36(2):143-7.
46. Lami F, Jewad AW, Hassan A, et al (2019). Noncommunicable Disease Emergencies During Arbaeenia Mass Gathering at Public Hospitals in Karbala, Najaf, and Babel Governorates, Iraq, 2014: Cross-Sectional Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill, 5(3):e10890.
47. Hunt MR, Chung R, Durocher E, et al (2015). Haitian and international responders' and decision-makers' perspectives regarding disability and the response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Glob Health Action, 8:10.
48. Khader YS, Abdelrahman M, Abdo N, et al (2015). Climate change and health in the Eastern Mediterranean countries: a systematic review. Rev Environ Health, 30(3):163-181.
49. Pourhosseini SS, Ardalan A, Mehrolhassani MH (2015). Key aspects of providing healthcare services in disaster response stage. Iran J Public Health, 44(1): 111–118.
50. Ryan B, Franklin RC, Burkle Jr FM, et al (2015). Identifying and describing the impact of cyclone, storm and flood related disasters on treatment management, care and exacerbations of non-communicable diseases and the implications for public health. PLoS Curr, 7:ecurrents.
51. Harada N, Shigemura J, Tanichi M, et al (2015). Mental health and psychological impacts from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: a systematic literature review. Disaster Mil Med, 1:17.
52. Yoo M, Lee M, Tullmann D (2016). Perceptions of disaster preparedness among older people in South Korea. Int J Older People Nurs, 11(1):18-23.
53. Murakami A, Sasaki H, Pascapurnama DN, et al (2018). Noncommunicable diseases after the Great East Japan Earthquake: systematic review, 2011–2016. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 12(3):396-407.
54. Koenig KL, Schultz CH (2010). Koenig and Schultz's disaster medicine: comprehensive principles and practices.2nd ed. Cambridge University Press.
55. Man RX-G, Lack DA, Wyatt CE, et al (2018). The effect of natural disasters on cancer care: a systematic review. Lancet Oncol, 19(9):e482-e499.
56. Becquart NA, Naumova EN, Singh G, et al (2019). Cardiovascular disease hospitalizations in Louisiana parishes’ elderly before, during and after hurricane Katrina. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 16(1):74.
57. Verna L, Cortellini A, Giusti R, et al (2019). Cancer care after natural disaster: different countries, similar problems. J Glob Oncol, 5: JGO.
58. Nakhle A, Ayoub A, Subedi R, et al (2020). Incidence of acute myocardial infarction and hurricane katrina: thirteen years after the storm. J Am Coll Cardiol, 75:138.
59. Ryan BJ, Franklin RC, Burkle FM, et al (2019). Determining key influences on patient ability to successfully manage noncommunicable disease after natural disaster. Prehosp Disaster Med, 34(3):241-250.
60. Nguyen MT (2019). Asthma-Related Health Outcomes in New Jersey After a Natural Disaster Event. College of Health Sciences,
61. Lawrence WR, Lin Z, Lipton EA, et al (2019). After the storm: Short-term and long-term health effects following superstorm sandy among the elderly. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 13(1):28-32.
62. Allweiss P (2019). Diabetes and Disasters: Recent Studies and Resources for Preparedness. Curr Diab Rep, 19(11):131.
63. Satoh J, Yokono K, Ando R, et al (2019). Diabetes care providers’ manual for disaster diabetes care. J Diabetes Investig, 10(4): 1118–1142.
64. Gohardehi F, Seyedin H, Moslehi S (2020). Prevalence Rate of Diabetes and Hypertension in Disaster-Exposed Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Ethiop J Health Sci, 30(3):439-448.
65. D’Aloisio F, Vittorini P, Giuliani AR, et al (2019). Hospitalization Rates for Respiratory Diseases After L’Aquila Earthquake. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 16(12):2109.
66. Prohaska TR, Peters KE (2019). Impact of natural disasters on health outcomes and cancer among older adults. Gerontologist, 59(1):S50-S56.
67. Gichomo GN (2019). Improving Disaster Preparedness and Planning for Chronic Disease Populations. Walden University. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2019. 27547229.
68. Kloner RA (2019). Lessons learned about stress and the heart after major earthquakes. Am Heart J, 215:20-26.
69. Makwana N (2019). Disaster and its impact on mental health: A narrative review. J Family Med Prim Care, 8(10): 3090–3095.
70. Leor J, Poole WK, Kloner RA (1996). Sudden cardiac death triggered by an earthquake. N Engl J Med, 334(7):413-9.
71. Nakano M, Kondo M, Wakayama Y, et al (2012). Increased incidence of tachyarrhythmias and heart failure hospitalization in patients with implanted cardiac devices after the great East Japan earthquake disaster. Circ J, 76(5):1283-5.
72. Mitchell H, Cohn RD, Wildfire J, et al (2012). Implementation of evidence-based asthma interventions in post-Katrina New Orleans: the Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study. Environ Health Perspect, 120(11):1607-1612.
73. Brown DW, Young SL, Engelgau MM, et al (2008). Evidence-based approach for disaster preparedness authorities to inform the contents of repositories for prescription medications for chronic disease management and control. Prehosp Disaster Med, 23(5):447-57.
Files
IssueVol 50 No 6 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Published2021-06-10
Keywords
Disasters Non-communicable diseases Systematic review

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Ghazanchaei E, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Aghazadeh-Attari J, Mohebbi I. Identifying and Describing Impact of Disasters on Non-Communicable Diseases: A Systematic Review. Iran J Public Health. 50(6):1143-1155.