Review Article

The Reasons for Using Smokeless Tobacco: A Review


Background: Smokeless tobacco use is a public health problem in some parts of the world. The major objective of this study was to investigate the reasons and factors of consumption.

Methods: A content analysis was conducted on articles for the past thirty years (1989-2019). We reviewed and selected 400 abstracts of original articles from PubMed databases by the search strategy, and reviewed one by one. Among these, 45 abstracts were selected, in which the patterns of use, the reasons for using, and the determinants and predictors were described. Eleven papers were selected based on the results and related to the research objectives. The results of these articles were evaluated precisely word by word and phrase by phrase with content analysis method and inductive approach.

Results: The reasons for the use of smokeless tobacco fell in two main themes: socio-cultural structure; and, beliefs, each contained Sub-themes such as "culture and living conditions", "laws", "family and peer relationships", "beliefs related to psychological" and "beliefs related to physical influences", "beliefs", "The role of harm perceptions ".

Conclusion: There was a difference between beliefs, cultures and social conditions among the people about using of smokeless tobacco and the association of these factors is investigated in future studies. We also suggest for the prevention and control of smokeless tobacco use, cultural norms and beliefs will need to address adequately.

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IssueVol 50 No 3 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Smokeless Tobacco Sociocultural Beliefs Culture Living conditions

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How to Cite
SOLHI M, FATTAHI E, MANZARI ZS, GUPTA PC, KARGAR M, KASMAEI P, BARATI H. The Reasons for Using Smokeless Tobacco: A Review. Iran J Public Health. 2021;50(3):492-501.