Anxiety, Self Efficacy Expectation and Social Support in Patients after Coronary Angioplasty and Coronary Bypass

  • T Dehdari Dept. of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • A Heidarnia Dept. of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • A Ramezankhani Dept. of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • S Sadeghian Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
  • F Ghofranipour Dept. of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Coronary angioplasty, Self efficacy Expectation, Anxiety, Perceived so¬cial support,

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) and precutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI) are safe and effective in the treatment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine and compare anxi­ety, self efficacy expectation and perceived social support between CABG patients and PCI patients referral to receiving car­diac rehabilitation programs.
Methods: In this descriptive- analytical study 150 patients with CABG and PCI were selected. The Spilberger state trait anxi­ety inventory, general self efficacy scale and perceived social support scale three instruments for collecting data in the pre­sent study.
Results: PCI patients as compared to CABG patients experience higher anxiety (P= 0.02) and lower perceived social sup­port (P= 0.02). Self efficacy score in the PCI patients was higher than CABG patients (P= 0.01).
Conclusion: It is necessary to be more considerate to psychological problems in the PCI patients.

How to Cite
1.
Dehdari T, Heidarnia A, Ramezankhani A, Sadeghian S, Ghofranipour F. Anxiety, Self Efficacy Expectation and Social Support in Patients after Coronary Angioplasty and Coronary Bypass . Iran J Public Health. 37(4):119-125.
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