Acne in Traditional Persian Medicine

  • Laila SHIRBEIGI Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammadreza RAHBAR RAHBAR Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Parvin MANSOURI Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahboobeh SALMANIAN 1. Department of Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ali GHOBADI 1. Department of Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran of
Keywords:
Traditional Persian medicine, Traditional Iranian medicine, Acne

Abstract

Background: Acne Vulgaris is a common skin condition in 35%-90% of youth. Although traditional methods of treating acne in Iran seem to be common and high demand, a few studies about this issue have been accomplished. This study aimed to find out how much definitions and recommendations about this condition in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) are similar to contemporary medicine.

Methods: Seven main reference books from TPM were selected. The equivalents of acne in TPM were found and comparison of the definitions and recommendations of TPM and CM were extracted. Two diseases called Namlah and Bosoor-Labanieh were most similar to acne. These keywords were searched in TPM Books by using “Noor software”.

Results: In TPM references, two diseases of “Namlah” and “Bosoor-Labanieh” are very similar to acne. The cause of these diseases in TPM textbooks has been explained as the effort of the body for the disposal of wastes through the skin and accumulation of them below it. The treatments are lifestyle modification, drug therapy, and manual interventions.

Conclusion: Interventions of TPM have been experienced by Iranian physicians of the Old Testament over hundreds of years. There are meaningful similarities among TPM texts in descriptions and advice. In addition, there are remarkable similarities in the disease characteristics and some of the recommendations for acne in TPM and CM. The effectiveness and cost-benefit of the recommended TPM therapeutics and methods can be considered and evaluated as hypotheses for the case and group studies and clinical trials.

References

1. Layton AM, Henderson CA, Cunliffe WJ (1994). A clinical evaluation of acne scar-ring and its incidence. Clin Exp Dermatol, 19(4): 303-8.
2. Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M et al (2012).Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and in-juries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380 (9859):2163-96.
3. Bhate K, Williams HC (2013). Epidemiology of acne vulgaris. Br J Dermatol, 168 (3):474-85.
4. Zaenglein AL, Pathy AL, Schlosser BJ, et al (2016). Guidelines of care for the man-agement of acne vulgaris. J Am Acad Der-matol, 74(5): 945-73.e33.
5. Williams HC, Dellavalle RP, Garner S (2012). Acne vulgaris. Lancet, 379 (9813): 361-72.
6. Rafieian-Kopaei M (2012). Medicinal plants and the human needs. J HerbMed Pharma-col, 1(1): 1-2.
7. World Health Organization (2002). WHO traditional medicine strategy 2002-2005. In: Organization WH, editor. Geneva.
8. Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL et al (1998). Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990-1997. JAMA, 280(18):1569-75.
9. Magin PJ, Adams J, Heading GS et al (2006). Complementary and alternative medicine therapies in acne, psoriasis, and atopic eczema: results of a qualitative study of patients' experiences and perceptions. J Altern Complement Med, 12(5):451-7.
10. Shirbeigi L, Mansouri P (2016). A Review of Acne Etiology and Treatment in Iranian Traditional Medicine. J Skin Stem Cell, 3(1):e39133.
11. Jorjani SI (2011). Zakhireye Kharazmshahi. Tehran: Institute of Natural Medicine's revival. Vol. 3.p. 30-40
12. Avicenna H (1997). The Canon of Medicine. Tehran: Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education. vol 4. P.158-64.
13. Ahwazi A (380 AH). Kamel al Senna al tabiea. In: revival carbtionms, editor. 4. Tehran Jalaledin. vol 3.p.310-30
14. Arzani HMA (2008). Teb e Akbari 2. ghom -Iran institute of natural medicine's revival. Vol 2 pp. 1121-88.
15. Akhavaini R (1371). Hedayat al motaallemin. 1. Mashad: mashad univercity. p.165.
16. Hakim Azam Khan M (1387). Exir e Azam Institute of medicine's history Studies, Is-lamic and Complementary Medicine Teh-ran. vol 5 p.270-80.
17. Collier CN, Harper JC, Cafardi JA et al (2008). The prevalence of acne in adults 20 years and older. J Am Acad Dermatol, 58(1):56-9.
18. Knutsen-Larson S, Dawson AL, Dunnick CA, Dellavalle RP (2012). Acne vulgaris: pathogenesis, treatment, and needs as-sessment. Dermatol Clin, 30(1):99-106.
19. Kirmani Nia (2008). SharhALasbab va alalamat. In: revival carbtIoNMs, editor. SharhALasbab va al alamat. 2. Tehran.
20. Zhang H, Liao W, Chao W et al (2008). Risk factors for sebaceous gland diseases and their relationship to gastrointestinal dys-function in Han adolescents. J Dermatol, 35(9):555-61.
21. Melnik BC (2015). Linking diet to acne metabolomics, inflammation, and come-dogenesis: an update. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol, 8:371-88.
22. Orion E, Wolf R (2014). Psychologic factors in the development of facial dermatoses. Clin Dermatol, 32(6):763-6.
23. Rahmani AH (2015). Cassia fistula Linn: Po-tential candidate in the health manage-ment. Pharmacognosy Res, 7(3):217-224.
24. Phetdee K1, Rakchai R1, Rattanamanee K et al (2014). Preventive effects of tamarind seed coat extract on UVA-induced altera-tions in human skin fibroblasts. J Cosmet Sci, 65(1):11-24.
25. Yakaew S1, Itsarasook K2, Ngoenkam J et al (2016). Ethanol extract of Terminalia chebula fruit protects against UVB-induced skin damage. Pharm Boil, 54(11):2701-7.
26. Lee HH1, Ahn JH, Kwon AR et al (2014). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of apricot seed. Phytother Res, 28(12):1867-72.
27. Fiorini C, Aries MF (2008). A multifactorial anti-acne extract for a multifactorial path-ogenesis. Planta Med, 74(9):910-1.
28. Al-Snafi AE (2016). The medical importance of Cydonia oblonga-A review. IOSR J Pharm, 6(6):87-99.
29. Hemmati AA, Haghighi Zadeh H (2012). Healing effect of quince seed mucilage on T-2 toxin-induced dermal toxicity in rab-bit. Exp Toxicol Pathol, 64(3):181-6.
30. Rezaei M1, Dadgar Z1, Noori-Zadeh A et al (2015). Evaluation of the antibacterial ac-tivity of the Althaea officinalis L. leaf ex-tract and its wound healing potency in the rat model of excision wound creation. Avicenna J Phytomed, 5(2):105-12.
31. Samuelsen AB (2000). The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activ-ities of Plantago major L. A review. J Eth-nopharmacol, 71(1-2):1-21.
32. Fatin F. Al-kazazz, Sura A. Abdulsattar, Kutayba Mohammed (2014). Study effect of wet cupping on hemato-logical param-eters and inflammatory proteins of healthy Iraqi men. Am J Phytomed Clin Ther, 2(5): 644- 649.
33. Du YZ, Jia CS, Wang JL et al (2015). [Anal-ysis of Therapeutic Regularities and Char-acteristics of Blood-letting Therapy for Acne Patients Based on Data Mining]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, 40 (3):251-7.
Published
2020-03-03
How to Cite
1.
SHIRBEIGI L, RAHBAR MR, MANSOURI P, SALMANIAN M, GHOBADI A. Acne in Traditional Persian Medicine. Iran J Public Health. 49(3):579-587.
Section
Original Article(s)