Eleven Year Epidemiological Study of Tuberculosis in Golestan Province, Northern of Iran
Background: At present, researchers were aimed at exploring the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Golestan Province in North of Iran that usually ranks 2nd or 1st, alternatively.
Methods: An epidemiological study of 11 years was carried out over 8405 patients with TB from 2005 to 2014 years. Data were collected from Health System of the Ministry of Health in Iran using a patient- sheet. Descriptive statistics were applied to report the results.
Results: Of those screened, the vast majority of patients with newly diagnosed smear-positive 1799 (41.6%) and smear-positive with relapse 203 (56.5%) were referred from Health System (outpatient cases). Given the newly diagnosed TB, 3559 and 264 of smear-positive were treated and died, respectively; while, 1196 and 119 of smear-negative cases were accordingly treated completely and died.
Conclusion: The vast majority of TB cases are infected by pulmonary TB, educational preventive programs seem likely more useful to control the disease.
2. Dabernat H, Thèves C, Bouakaze C et al (2014). Tuberculosis Epidemiology and Selection in an Autochthonous Siberian Population from the 16 th-19 th Century. PLoS One, 9(2):e89877.
3. WHO, Strategic and Technical Advisory Group for Tuberculosis (STAG-TB): report of the tenth meeting. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010 http://www.who.int/tb/advisory_bodies/stag_tb_report_2010.pdf (Accessed 1 December 2010)
4. Waheed M (2014). Tuberculosis in Children Attending Outpatient Clinic and Compliance to Treatment. Pak J Med Res, 53(4):79-83.
5. Beiranvand R, Ghalavandi S, delpisheh A et al (2014). Epidemiological investigation of Tuberculosis in Ilam province between 2005-2011. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences, 21(7):1-8.
6. Nakaoka H, Lawson L, Squire B et al (2006). Risk for tuberculosis among children. Emerg Infect Dis, 12(9):1383-8.
7. Beiranvand R, Karimi A, Delpisheh A et al (2016). Correlation Assessment of Climate and Geographic Distribution of Tuberculosis Using Geographical Information System (GIS). Iran J Public Health, 45(1):86-93.
8. Jabbari Sh (2007). Statistic department of Markazi health center. Sci J Arak Uni Med Sci, 4-14.
9. Kunkel A, zur Wiesch PA, Nathavitharana RR et al (2016). Smear positivity in paediatric and adult tuberculosis: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infect Dis,16:282.
10. Horton KC, MacPherson P, Houben RM, et al (2016). Sex Differences in Tuberculosis Burden and Notifications in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS Med, 13(9):e1002119.
11. Mohammadzadeh KA, Ghayoomi A, Maghsoudloo D (2016). Evaluation of factors associated with failure of tuberculosis treatment under DOTS in northern Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J, 22(2):87-94.
12. Lim SS, Vos T, Flaxman AD et al (2012). A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380(9859):2224-60.
13. Wang H, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT et al (2012). Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380(9859):2071-94.
14. Van den Hof S, Najlis CA, Bloss E, Straetemans M. A systematic review on the role of gender in tuberculosis control. Report prepared for Tuberculosis Control Programme (TB CAP) September. 2010.
15. Khazaei HA, Rezaei N, Bagheri GR et al (2005). Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Southeastern Iran. Eur J Epidemiol, 20(10):879-83.
16. Rafiee S, Besharat S, Jabbari A, Golalipour F, Nasermoaadeli A (2009). Epidemiology of tuberculosis in northeast of Iran: a population-based study. Iran J Med Sci, 34(3):193-7.
17. Salek S, Salek S, Emami H et al (2008). Epidemiologic status of tuberculosis in Golestan province. Tanaffos, 7(3): 63-68.
18. Taghizadeh Asl R, Mohammad K, Majdzadeh R (2005). Seasonality pattern of Tuberculosis in Iran. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 3(2):1-9.(in Persian)
19. Al-Otaibi F, El Hazmi MM (2010). Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia. Indian J Pathol Microbiol, 53(2):227-231.
20. Abouzeid MS, Zumla AI, Felemban S et al (2012). Tuberculosis trends in Saudis and non-Saudis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia–a 10 year retrospective study (2000–2009). PLoS One, 7(6):e39478.
21. 21. Salehi L, Salehi F, Shakibazadeh E (2009). Education-based needs assessment: a step toward effective prevention of AIDS. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci,13(1):73-8.
22. Lotfi PRS, Ravari A, Akbarinasab J (2011). Knowledge, attitude and practice of non-medical students to the ways of transmission and prevention of AIDS in Rafsanjan city. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research, 6(22): 31-39.
23. Ilami O, Sarkari B, Khosravani A, Tori MA, Hosseini Z (2012). HIV seroprevalence among high-risk groups in Kohgiloyeh and Boyerahmad Province, Southwest of Iran, a behavioral surveillance survey. AIDS Behav, 16(1):86-90.
24. Corbett EL, Churchyard GJ, Clayton TC et al (2000). HIV infection and silicosis: the impact of two potent risk factors on the incidence of mycobacterial disease in South African miners. AIDS, 14(17):2759-68.
25. Jones JL, Hanson DL, Dworkin MS, DeCock KM (2000). HIV-associated tuberculosis in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 4(11):1026-31.
26. Horsburgh CR Jr (2004). Priorities for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in the United States. N Engl J Med, 350(20):2060-7.
27. Shoraka H HS, Alizade H, Alavinia SM (2011). Epidemiology of tuberculosis and its related factors in North Khorasan Province during 2005 to 2010. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, 3(3):43-50.