Construction of Exercise Behavior Model in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Eun-Soo Han Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Chodang University, Jeollanam-do, Korea
  • Young-Ran Kweon Mail Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
Exercise behavior, Rheumatoid arthritis, Self-determination, Self-efficacy


Background: Despite the awareness that regular exercise has a positive impact on maintaining health, patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) engage in markedly less exercise than do the general population. Weaimed to construct and test a structural equation model of exercise behavior in patients with RA based on self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory.

Methods: Participants were 214 outpatients with RA at Chonnam National University Hospital located in the Gwangju City, South Korea from Mar to Apr 2018. A structured self-report questionnaire was used to assess autonomy support, autonomy, competence, relatedness, autonomous motivation, self-efficacy, and exercise behavior. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 program.

Results: The structural model showed a good fitness with the data (χ2= 727.27, df = 392, P<0.001, TLI = 0.92, CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.07, SRMR = 0.07). Autonomous motivation and self-efficacy had a significant effect on exercise behavior in patients with RA. This model explained 21.2% of the variance of exercise behavior in patients with RA.

Conclusion: Self-efficiency and autonomous motivation should be promoted in order to strengthen the exercise behavior of patients with RA.

Author Biography

Young-Ran Kweon, Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea

Dept. of Nursing


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How to Cite
Han E-S, Kweon Y-R. Construction of Exercise Behavior Model in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Iran J Public Health. 49(9):1666-1674.
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