Review Article

Zinc Supplementation Might Not Affect Serum Leptin and Adi-ponectin Levels in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials


Background: Zinc as one of the important trace elements in human health has been suggested to be a supplement for modifying the level of adipokines, whereas findings from studies have been inconsistent. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence provided by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the effect of zinc supplementation on serum adipokines levels.

Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus were systematically searched up to June 2019. The mean differences and their corresponding standard deviations (SDs) of changes in serum adipokines levels were used as effect size. Results: Eight eligible RCTs (leptin n=6, adiponectin n=3) were included in the current study. There were no significant changes in serum leptin levels [weighted mean difference (WMD) =0.60 ng/ml, 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.78, 2.99; I-squared (I2) = 64.3%] and adiponectin levels (WMD = 1.09 ng/ml, 95% CI: -0.76, 3.18, I2 = 78.8%) following zinc supplementation compared to placebo group. These findings did not change after considering several subgroups including gender, study duration, health status, body weight and the type of zinc used for supplementation.

Conclusion: No evidence was found to support the efficacy of dietary zinc supplements on serum levels of adipokines. Further, high-quality, long-term controlled clinical trials are warranted to confirm these findings.

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IssueVol 50 No 2 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Zinc Adipokines Leptin Adiponectin Meta-analysis

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TABATABAIE M, SOLTANI S, MOZAFFARI-KHOSRAVI H, SALEHI-ABARGOUEI A. Zinc Supplementation Might Not Affect Serum Leptin and Adi-ponectin Levels in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials. Iran J Public Health. 50(2):245-256.