Original Article

The Synergistic Combination of Cisplatin and Piperine Induces Apoptosis in MCF-7 Cell Line

Abstract

Background: Piperine is a natural compound obtained from the Piper nigrum that exhibits anti-proliferative and anti-cancer activity in cancer cell lines. We analyzed the cytotoxic effect of piperine combined with cisplatin compound in the human MCF-7 breast cancer cell line and the underlying mechanism.

Methods: The present in vitro study was performed on MCF-7 cell line in Jahrom University of Medical Sciences between, Jahrom, Iran from 2016 to 2017. Cultured MCF-7 cells were seeded into four groups: a control group (untreated group), a group treated with cisplatin, a group treated with piperine and a group treated with cisplatin and piperine. Cell viability was analyzed using the MTT assay method. Flow c-ytometric analysis was investigated for apoptosis. The mRNA and protein expression of the apoptotic regulators p53, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase 3 and caspase 9 were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting analysis.

Results: Piperine (20 and 30 µM) in combination with cisplatin (5, 10 and 15 µM) for 24 h synergistically inhibited cell viability of MCF-7 breast cancer cells more than piperine and cisplatin used alone. Synergistic anti-breast cancer activities cisplatin (5 µM) and piperine (20 µM) were via inducing apoptosis. Piperine (20 µM) and cisplatin (5 µM) for 24 h induce apoptosis strongly through reduction of Bcl-2 and increase of caspase 3, p53, caspase 9, and Bax.

Conclusion: Piperine in combination with cisplatin could trigger p53-mediated apoptosis more effective than cisplatin alone in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, reducing the toxic dose of cisplatin used in cancer chemotherapy.

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IssueVol 50 No 5 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2021-04-30
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v50i5.6121
Keywords
Apoptosis Breast cancer Caspase Cisplatin Piperine

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How to Cite
1.
Fattah A, Morovati A, Niknam Z, Mashouri L, Asadi A, Tvangar Rizi S, Abbasi M, Shakeri F, Abazari O. The Synergistic Combination of Cisplatin and Piperine Induces Apoptosis in MCF-7 Cell Line. Iran J Public Health. 50(5):1037-1047.