Original Article

Suicide Cause and Method from 2009-2017 in Turkey

Abstract

Background: This study was planned to investigate the cause, method, age group and gender of suicides between 2009 and 2017 in Turkey.

Methods: Data on suicide deaths between the years 2009-2017 were obtained from the death data of the Turkish Statistical Institute.

Results: Suicide data were evaluated according to age group, gender, reason and method. The most common suicide methods among people living in Turkey were hanging oneself, using a firearm and throwing oneself from a high place whereas common causes and unknown causes were found to be illness and economic problems. Gender showed statistical significance in the cause of suicide in all suicide methods (illness, economic problems, job failure). According to age groups the reasons were  family disharmony, emotional relationship and not being able to marry the desired person, Education failure were found to be statistically significant. Less used methods to commit suicide in Turkey were determined as using firearms, using natural gas or LPG, throwing from a train or motor vehicle.

Conclusion: It is a very sad situation for an individual to end his/her life conspiratorially. Appropriately collected suicide information can guide the design of suicide prevention strategies. Because previous suicide attempts seem to be an important risk factor for future attempts and death by suicide.

1. Klonsky ED, May Ma, Saffer BY (2016). Su-icide, suicide attempts, and suicidal idea-tion. Annu Rev Clin Psychol, 12:307-30.
2. Tisirigotis K, Gruszczynski W, Tisirigotis-Woloszczak M (2010). Indirect (chronic) self-destructiveness and modes of suicide attempts. Arc Med Sci, 6(1): 111-116.
3. Bulut ER, Küçüker H, Bulut NS (2012). A general look at suicide, from its short his-tory to its causes and used method. Cum-huriyet Med J, 34:128-37.
4. Asante KO, Kugbey N, Osafo J, et al (2017). The prevalence and correlates of suicidal behaviours (ideation, plan and at-tempt) among adolescents in senior high schools in Ghana. SSM- Popul Health, 3:427-434.
5. World Health Organization. Global Health Estimates 2015 Summary tables: Global deaths by cause, age and sex, 2000–2015. World Health Organization; Geneva: Switzer-land, 2016. Date of Access: 20.05.2018. http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GHE2015_Deaths_Global_2000_2015.xls
6. Shah MA, Ahmed S, Arafat Y (2017). De-mography and risk factors of suicide in Bangladesh: a six-month paper content analysis. Psychiatry J, 2017:3047025.
7. Batty GD, Kivimaki M, Bell S, et al (2018). Psychosocial characteristics as potential predictors of suicide in adults: an over-view of the evidence with new results from prospective cohort studies. ransla-tional Psychiatry, 8(1).
8. Caup S, Steffan J, Shi J, et al (2018). Opioid drug poisonings in Ohio adolescents and young adults, 2002–2014. Clin Toxicol (Phi-la), 56(8): 765-772.
9. Cukier W, Allen Eagen S (2018). Gun vio-lence. Current Opinion in Psychology, 19:109-12.
10. Mortensen HL, Torssander J (2017). Family of origin and educational inequalities in mortality: Results from 1.7 million Swe-dish siblings. SSM Popul Health, 3:192–200.
11. Wen Koo Y, Kõlves K, de Leo D (2019). Profiles by suicide methods: An analysis of older adults. Aging Ment Health, 23(3): 385-91.
12. Ferencic A, Sosa I, Cuculic D, et al (2017). Temporal trends in rainwater tank sui-cides in Rijeka, Croatia-A 30 year study. J Forensic Sci, 63(4): 1168-1170.
13. Kõlves K, McDonough M, Crompton D, et al (2018). Choice of a suicide method: Trends and characteristics. Psychiatry Res, 260: 67-74.
14. Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) of the Republic of Turkey. (2018). Address based population registration system and suicide statistics. Date of Access: 20.05.2018. https://web.turkstat.gov.tr/VeriTabanlari.do?vt_id=1&ust_id=110
15. World Health Organisation. Mental health. Su-icide data. 2017. World Health Organiza-tion; Geneva: Switzerland, 2018. Date of Access: 20.05.2018. http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/
16. Bachman S (2018). Epidemiology of suicide and the psychiatric perspective. Int J Envi-ron Res Public Health, 15(7): 1425.
17. Harmancı P (2015). Dünya’daki ve Türki-ye’deki intihar vakalarının sosyodemo-grafik özellikler açısından incelenmesi. Hacettepe Health Sci J, (1):1-15.
18. Abbas MJ, Alhemiary N, Razaq EA, et al (2018). The Iraqi national study of suicide: Report on suicide data in Iraq in 2015 and 2016. JAffect Disord, 229:56-62.
19. O’Neill S, McLaferrty M, Ennis E, et al (2018). Socio-demographic, mental health and childhood adversity risk factors for self-harm and suicidal behaviour in Col-lage srudents in Northern Ireland. J Affect Disord, 219: 58-65.
20. Brent DA, Mann JJ (2006). Familial path-ways to suicidal behaviour-understanding and preventing suicide among adoles-cents. N Engl J Med, 355(26); 2719–21.
Files
IssueVol 50 No 7 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2021-07-01
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v50i7.6628
Keywords
Suicide Turkey Gender Method Cause Age group

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Battaloğlu İnanç B. Suicide Cause and Method from 2009-2017 in Turkey. Iran J Public Health. 50(7):1389-1397.