Effect of Time Management Training on Anxiety Depression and Sleep Quality
Background: Anxiety and depression seriously affect sleep quality and mental health of perimenopausal women. Time management training is of great value in relieving negative emotions and improving subjective well-being. This study aims to explore the effect of time management training on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality of perimenopausal women.
Methods: From January 2018 to July 2018, 114 women with perimenopausal syndrome were randomly selected in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China as the objects of the experimental group (n=58) and the control group (n=56). The control group did not participate in any training in this study; time management training was conducted in the experimental group according to Getting Things Done, with a total of 12 training sessions over six months with two hours for each interval of two weeks. The effect of the intervention was evaluated before and after the experiment using relevant scales.
Results: After the intervention, the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) score and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) score of the experimental group are lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score and Time Management Disposition Inventory (TMDI) score of the experimental group are higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). A positive correlation exists between the improvement in time management disposition and the improvement in anxiety, depression, and sleep quality (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Time management training has a positive effect on improving anxiety, depression, sleep quality, and time management disposition of perimenopausal women.
2. Barba I, Lanz A, Weber B, et al. (2016). Op-timized Time Management for Declara-tive Workflows. Lecture Notes Bus Inf Pro-cess, 113: 195-210.
3. Ghiasvand AM, Naderi M, Tafreshi MZ, et al. (2017). Relationship between time management skills and anxiety and aca-demic motivation of nursing students in Tehran. Electron Physician, 9(1): 3678-3684.
4. Harden C L, Pulver M C, Ravdin L, et al. (2010). The effect of menopause and per-imenopause on the course of epilepsy. Epilepsia, 40(10): 1402-1407.
5. Yang ZJ, Zeng YC, Zhou QY, et al. (2016). Effect of rational emotive therapy for perimenopausal women psychology. Nurs Pract Res, 13(4): 57-59.
6. Heidbreder A, Philipp K (2018). Schlaf-störungen in und nach der Perimeno-pause: Perspektive der Schlafmedizin. Der Gynäkologe, 5: 1-6.
7. He QL (2010). Effects of community psy-chological intervention on anxiety and depression in women with perimenopau-sal syndrome. Chinese Gen Nurs, 8(13): 1217-1218.
8. Airoldi A, Zavaglia C, Silini E, et al. (2013). Cognition in perimenopause: The effect of transition stage. Menopause, 20(5): 511-517.
9. Nakano K, Pinnow E, Flaws JA, et al. (2012). Reproductive history and hot flashes in perimenopausal women. J Womens Health, 21(4): 433-439.
10. Gibbs Z, Lee S, Kulkarni J. (2012). What factors determine whether a woman be-comes depressed during the perimeno-pause? Arch Womens Ment Health, 15(5): 323-332.
11. Li ML, & Lu LY (2017). The Influence of Mobile Phone Addiction on Left-behind Middle School Students’ Sleep Quality: the Mediator Role of Loneliness. Rev Ar-gent Clin Psic, 26(1): 71-81.
12. Fang HX, Wang X (2015). Influence of Time-Management Disposition Training on Female Postgraduates’ Anxiety, De-pression and Subjective Well-being. China J Health Psychol, 23(2): 285-288.
13. Rosenheck R (2011). Intense case manage-ment for severe mental health problems reduces time in hospital and loss to fol-low-up compared with standard care, but benefits over non-ICM are less clear. Evid Based Ment Health, 14(1): 182-197.
14. Nieradko B, Borzecki A (2003). Exercise be-havior, sleep habits and time manage-ment among students of the Medical University of Lublin. Ann Univ Mariae Cu-rie Sklodowska Med, 58(1): 358-361.
15. Yu ZG, Liu JP, Liu J, et al. (2007). Investiga-tion of clinical use for Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders in China-Third Edition. J Clin Psychiat, 17(5): 312-313.
16. Zung, W.W. (1971). A rating instrument for anxiety disorders. Psychosomatics, 12(6), 371-379.
17. Zung, W.W. (1965). A self-rating depression scale. Arch of Gen Psychiat, 12(1), 63-70.
18. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, et al. (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality In-dex: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiat Res, 282: 193-213.
19. Huang XT, Zhang ZJ (2001). The Compil-ing of Adolescence Time Management Disposition Inventory. Acta Psychol Sin, 33(4): 51-56.
20. Yu XY, Zhang HH, Zheng HY, et al. (2013). Influence of time management disposi-tion group training on mental health of junior middle school students. Chinese J School Health, 34(4): 503-504.
21. Khattak ZI, Jamshed T, Ahmad A, et al. (2011). An Investigation into the Causes of English Language Learning Anxiety in Students at AWKUM. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci, 15(1): 1600-1604.
22. Marreta H, Ouldamer L, Bendifallah S, et al. (2012). Therapeutic management of uter-ine fibroid tumors: updated French guidelines. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 165(2): 156-164.
23. Zhan XL, Feng RF, Wu LF (2016). Effect of psychological intervention on sleep quali-ty and mental health of perimenopausal women. Chinese J Gerontol, 36(14): 3574-3576.
24. Jagtap BL, Prasad BS, Chaudhury S (2016). Psychiatric morbidity in perimenopausal women. Ind Psychiat J, 25(1): 86-92.
25. Wildemeersch D (2016). Why perimenopau-sal women should consider to use a levonorgestrel intrauterine system. Gynecol Endocrinol, 32(8): 659-661.
26. Li L, Wu XH, Gu Q, et al. (2013). Study on relationship between time management disposition and self-worth sense of nurs-es-in-charge in three A level hospital. Chi-nese Nurs Res, 27(22): 2320-2322.
27. Jiang J (2011). Research on Time Manage-ment Tendency and Self-potency in Uni-versity Students. China J Health Psychol, 19(1): 104-106.
28. Gu F, Qi XD, Wang XL (2013). The Rela-tionship of Vocational College Students' Time Management Disposition and Self Efficacy: Intermediary Role of Mood. China J Health Psychol, 21(5): 754-757.
29. Jia TT, Sun Y, Liang ZQ, et al. (2014). The Effect of Time Management Training on Higher Vocational Students'Academic Self-efficiency. China J Health Psychol, 22(9): 1394-1395.
30. Gopal M, Sammel MD, Pien G, et al. (2008). Investigating the associations between nocturia and sleep disorders in perimen-opausal women. J Urol, 180(5): 2063-2067.
31. Makara-Studzińska M, Lewicka M, Sulima M, et al. (2012). The occurrence of de-pression in women with psoriasis in the perimenopausal period and the need for support - A review. Psychiat Psychol Klin, 12(2): 120-124.
32. Lim J, Park HS (2016). Relationship between underweight, bone mineral density and skeletal muscle index in premenopausal Korean women. J Clin Pract, 70(6): 462-468.
33. Liu XF. The Relationship between Time Management Disposition and Mental Health of Medical Students. China J Health Psychol, 24(4): 600-603.
Copyright (c) 2018 Iranian Journal of Public Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.