Analysis of Epidemiological Changes and Prevention Effects for Malaria in Weifang, Shandong Province, China from 1957 to 2017

  • Xiao SONG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China AND School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Zhangqiu 250200, Shandong, China
  • Qiqi SHI Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Chongxing ZHANG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Xiangli KONG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Yeyuan LV Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Haifang WANG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Hongmei LIU Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Lijuan LIU Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Xiuxia GUO Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Jingxuan KOU Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Xiaodan HUANG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Huaiwei WANG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Peng CHENG Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
  • Maoqing GONG Mail Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining 272033, Shandong, China
Keywords:
Malaria, Epidemiology, Prevention measures, Elimination, Weifang

Abstract

Background: We aimed to conduct a retrospective analysis of the epidemiological changes and prevention effects for malaria in Weifang, Shandong Peninsula, China from 1957 to 2017.

Methods: The malaria data from a web-based reporting system were analyzed to explore malaria epidemiological characteristics and prevention effects in Weifang.

Results: Overall, 1, 704, 890 malaria cases were reported in Weifang from 1957 to 2017, of which two major malaria epidemics occurred in 1961 (827.28/10, 000) and 1971 (366.14/10, 000). Prior to 1997, all malaria patients (1, 704, 829) were infected with Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax). After 2007, the cases of Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) showed an upward trend (76.8%). The reported cases after the 21st century were mainly imported cases, and the last indigenous case was a patient that infected with P. vivax in 2006. Overall, 36 imported cases were reported from 2010 to 2017, of which 88.9% were acquired in Africa. Except for one 32-year-old woman, the rest were male (97.2%), in which laborers and farmers represented the vast majority (66.6%). From 1987 to 2017, there were 1, 224, 474 cases of fever with blood tests, and the average blood test rate was 4.9%. From 1957 to 2017, a total of 1, 704, 890 malaria patients were treated, 96 cases were treated during resting phase from 1987 to 2017.

Conclusion: Weifang should continue to strengthen the management of the migrant population, making blood tests for fever patients and patient treatment as important means of malaria control and monitoring

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Published
2020-10-01
How to Cite
1.
SONG X, SHI Q, ZHANG C, KONG X, LV Y, WANG H, LIU H, LIU L, GUO X, KOU J, HUANG X, WANG H, CHENG P, GONG M. Analysis of Epidemiological Changes and Prevention Effects for Malaria in Weifang, Shandong Province, China from 1957 to 2017. Iran J Public Health. 49(10):1857-1867.
Section
Original Article(s)