Investigation of Relationship between Occupational Stress and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Nurses
Background: One of the major causes of various work-related health problems among nurses is occupational stress. Hence, the main purpose of the present research was to find association between occupational stress of nurses and risk factors of cardiovascular disease.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the Osipow job stress questionnaire was employed to assess the occupational stress among the 250 nurses in Emam Khomeini hospital of Tehran in 2018. Based on stress score for participants, subjects divided into two groups: Scoring of group one was 60-179 (mild and average stress) and group two between 180 and 300 (average to acute and acute stress). Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded for subjects after 10hrs fasting. Then the blood samples were collected to measure cholesterol, triglyceride and glucose levels. For determining the association between education level, job experience and study groups, the Chi-square test and for comparing job stress between two groups of study the Mann–Whitney U test was used.
Results: Subjects with job stress in group one was 70(28%) and group two was 180(72%). The association between level of education and two study groups was not significant (P=0.129) while between job experience and two study groups was significant (P=0.004). Mean of Blood glucose levels for group I (98.0± 37.5), was higher than group II (82.5±12.0) and statistically significant (P=0.001). No significant difference was found between two groups of study for other parameters.
Conclusion: High level of work-related stress among subjects affected the values related to blood glucose level, but no significant relationship was found between other risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and occupational stress among nurses.
2. Raymond I, Pedersen F, Steensgaard-Hansen F, et al (2003).Prevalence of impaired left ventricular sys-tolic function and heart failure in a middle aged and elderly urban population segment of Copen-hagen. Heart,89(12):1422-1429.
3. Roger VL, Weston SA, Redfield MM, et al (2004). Trends in heart failure incidence and survival in a community-based population. JAMA,292(3):344-50.
4. O'connell J (2000). The economic burden of heart failure. Clin Cardiol, 23:III6-10.
5. Stewart S, MacIntyre K, Capewell S, McMurray J (2003). Heart failure and the aging population: an increasing burden in the 21st century? Heart,89(1):49-53.
6. Shahbazi A, Rahmani N, Abbasi M, et al (2018). As-sociation between Occupational Stress and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Locomotive Operators.Iranian Heart Journal, 19(2): 20-26.
7. Pyörälä M, Miettinen H, Halonen P, et al (2000). In-sulin resistance syndrome predicts the risk of cor-onary heart disease and stroke in healthy middle-aged men. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol,20(2):538-44.
8. Williams MA, Petratis MM, Baechle TR, et al (1987). Frequency of physical activity, exercise capacity, and atherosclerotic heart disease risk factors in male police officers. J Occup Med, 29(7):596-600.
9. Poursadeghiyan M, Moghimian M, Amjad RN, et al (2017). Effects on job stress on Iranian clinical nurses. Ann Trop Med Publ Health,10(4):985-988.
10. Kaplan JR, Chen H, Manuck SB (2009). The relation-ship between social status and atherosclerosis in male and female monkeys as revealed by meta‐analysis. Am J Primatol ,71(9):732-41.
11. Mariammal T, Jaisheeba AA, R. Sornaraj (2012). Work influenced occupational stress and cerebro-vascular risk among teachers and office workers. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Re-search,4(3):1807-1811.
12. Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Miller GE (2007). Psy-chological stress and disease. JA-MA,298(14):1685-7.
13. Pickering T, Devereux R, James G, et al (1996). Envi-ronmental influences on blood pressure and the role of job strain. J Hypertens Suppl,14(5):179-85.
14. Hemingway H, Marmot M (1999). Psychosocial fac-tors in the aetiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease: systematic review of prospective co-hort studies. BMJ, 318:1460.
15. Soltaninejad M, Khammar A, Aminizadeh M, et al (2020). Shift working disorders among nurses of Tehran hospital and its related factors in 2016. Work. 66(1):213-219.
16. Poursadeghiyan M, Abbasi M, Mehri A, et al (2016).Relationship between job stress and anxiety, depression and job satisfaction in nurses in Iran. The Social Science,11(9): 2349-2355.
17. Khammar A, Dalvand S, Hashemian AH, et al (2018). Data for the Prevalence of Nurses' Burn-out in Iran (A Meta-Analysis dataset). Data Brief, 20: 1779-1786
18. Khammar A, Poursadeghiyan M, Marioryad H, et al (2019). Patient Safety Climate and Its Affecting Factors Among Rehabilitation Health Care Staff of Hospitals and Rehabilitation Centers in Iran-Tehran. IRJ, 17 (1) :39-48
19. Kouvonen A, Kivimäki M, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Vahtera J (2005). Work stress, smoking status, and smoking intensity: an observational study of 46 190 employees. J Epidemiol Community Health,59(1):63-69.
20. Pelfrene E, De Backer G, Mak R, et al (2002). Job stress and cardiovascular risk factors. Results from the BELSTRESS study. Arch Public Health,60:245-268.
21. Biglari H, Ebrahimi MH, Salehi M, et al (2016).The Relationship of Occupational Stress to Cardiovas-cular Disease Risk Factors in Drivers. Int J Occup Med and Environ Health,29(6) :895-901.
22. YadegarfarGh A, GharaaghajiaslR,Allahyari T , Sheikhbagloo R (2010). Assessing the Relation-ship between Occupational Stress and Risk fac-tors of cardiovascular in the Urmia Petrochemical Company employees. Journal of Isfahan Medical School,28(112):645-60.
|Issue||Vol 49 No 10 (2020)|
|Cardiovascular diseases; Occupational stress; Nurses|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|