Pulmonary Function Testing in Cement Transport Workers at Incheh Borun Border, Northeast of Iran

  • Javad KHADEMI Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Mahdi SADEGHI 1. Environmental Health Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran 2. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Rahmatollah AHMADPOOR Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Jalalodin TAMADON YOLME Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Mohammad Ali MIRZAIE Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Health center of Gorgan, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Nazanin IZADI Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Zahra MEHRBAKHSH Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Keywords: Cement plant; Health effects; Respiratory problems; pulmonary function tests; Transport workers

Abstract

Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate respiratory problems via pulmonary function testing in cement transport workers at Incheh Borun border in northeast of Iran in 2016. Methods: The study was conducted on 358 male workers. All subjects were evaluated for respiratory symptoms via pulmonary function testing and completion of the American Thoracic Society questionnaire. Results: Mean age of workers was 34.8±12.87 yr (age range 16-79 yr). Mean duration of employment was 6.1±4.36 yr. Most workers (75.4%) were illiterate or had elementary education. In addition, 56 (15.6%) subjects were smokers. Only three individuals (0.3%) had obstructive pattern. There was a significant relationship between age of workers and frequency of respiratory problems (P<0.05). Conclusion: It is necessary to educate the workers about the health and safety regulations and use of personal protective equipment in workplace. In addition, periodic evaluation of respiratory function could help protect workers from developing occupational diseases.    

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Published
2019-07-01
How to Cite
1.
KHADEMI J, SADEGHI M, AHMADPOOR R, TAMADON YOLME J, MIRZAIE MA, IZADI N, MEHRBAKHSH Z. Pulmonary Function Testing in Cement Transport Workers at Incheh Borun Border, Northeast of Iran. Iran J Public Health. 48(7):1362-1368.
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Original Article(s)