The Prevalence of Malnutrition in Iranian Elderly: A Review Article

  • Hassan ABOLGHASEM GORJI Dept. of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahtab ALIKHANI Dept. of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad MOHSENI Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad MORADI-JOO Iran Health Insurance Organization, Tehran, Iran Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hajar ZIAIIFAR Dept. of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ahmad MOOSAVI Dept. of Health and Community Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
Keywords: Prevalence, Elderly, Malnutrition, Meta-analysis, Iran


Background: The elderly population following the improvement in health status and life expectancy in developing countries is increasing. Malnutrition causes decreased quality of life and increased mortality in elderly. This study aimed to review systematically and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prevalence of malnutrition among Iranian elderly people over 60 yr of age using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA).Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in 2016 to estimate the overall malnutrition prevalence. Data were collected using the following keywords: prevalence, elderly, aging, malnutrition, nutrition, nutritional assessment, nutritional status, health status, mini nutritional assessment, MNA and Iran in PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Iranmedex, Magiran, and SID. Computer software CMA: Two were applied to estimate the overall prevalence of malnutrition.Results: Seventeen of 811 articles were included in our analyses. The overall estimated prevalence of malnutrition among elderly based on the random effect model was 12.2% (95% CI 8-18.5). In subgroups, the prevalence of malnutrition among elderly living in home based on the fixed effect model was 9.2% (95% CI 7.1-11.9) and prevalence of malnutrition among elderly residents of nursing homes based on the random effect model was 21.6% (95% CI 12-38.6).Conclusion: Given the increase in the elderly population in future and the prevalence rate of malnutrition among them as well as the higher prevalence of malnutrition in elderly care centers, more attention to this population group is a matter of necessity. 


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How to Cite
ABOLGHASEM GORJI H, ALIKHANI M, MOHSENI M, MORADI-JOO M, ZIAIIFAR H, MOOSAVI A. The Prevalence of Malnutrition in Iranian Elderly: A Review Article. IJPH. 46(12):1603-10.
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