What Is Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and How to Correct-ly Report Its Results in Medical Research?

  • Alireza KHAMMAR Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
  • Mohammad YARAHMADI Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khoramabad, Iran
  • Farzan MADADIZADEH 1. Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran 2. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

No Abstract

References

1. Karpen SC (2017). Misuses of Regression and ANCOVA in Educational Research. Am J Pharm Educ, 81(8):6501.
2. Field A (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. 4th ed. Sage, London, pp. :486-89.
3. Rutherford A (2001). Introducing ANOVA and ANCOVA: a GLM approach. 2nd ed. Sage, London, pp.: 105.
4. Schneider BA, Avivi-Reich M, Mozuraitis M (2015). A cautionary note on the use of the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) in classification designs with and without within-subject factors. Front Psychol, 6:474.
5. Franzen M (2017). AN-COVA/MANCOVA. Encyclopedia of Clini-cal Neuropsychology. 1st ed. Springer, New York, pp.:160-161.
Published
2020-05-04
How to Cite
1.
KHAMMAR A, YARAHMADI M, MADADIZADEH F. What Is Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and How to Correct-ly Report Its Results in Medical Research?. Iran J Public Health. 49(5):1016-1017.
Section
Letter to the Editor