Trend of Congenital Hypothyroidism Incidence and Its Affecting Factors in Shahr-e-Kord, Western Iran

  • Moslem TAHERI SOODEJANI Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Seyyed Mohammad TABATABAEI Medical Informatics Department, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Hamid Reza SHORAKA Vector-Borne Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
  • Hosein FALLAHZADEH Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Azimeh GHADERI Shahr-e-Kord Health Services Center, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran
Keywords:
Congenital hypothyroidism;, Incidence, Trend, Risk factors, Predictors

Abstract

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disrupters and metabolism, and is one of the most important preventable causes of physical and mental disabilities.

Results: Overall, 111 cases were diagnosed with hypothyroidism, which made the prevalence value equal to 2 cases per 1000 births. The prevalence in females and males was 1.9 and 2.2 per 1,000 birth, respectively. The odds ratio for this disorder was 4.47(2.42-9.28) for the neonates with a family history of hypothyroidism and 1.72(1.05-2.82) for those born through cesarean.

Conclusion: The incidence of this disorder is similar in males and females, and the incidence of this disease in people with a family history is far more than others.

 

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Published
2020-05-04
How to Cite
1.
TAHERI SOODEJANI M, TABATABAEI SM, SHORAKA HR, FALLAHZADEH H, GHADERI A. Trend of Congenital Hypothyroidism Incidence and Its Affecting Factors in Shahr-e-Kord, Western Iran. Iran J Public Health. 49(5):989-994.
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Original Article(s)