Interdisciplinary Approaches to Assessing the Health of People Living in Environmentally Adverse Conditions

  • Yerbol BEKMUKHAMBETOV Administration, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Arstan MAMYRBAYEV Department of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Timur JARKENOV Administration, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Talgar ABILOV Department of Molecular Biology and Medical Genetics, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Gulnar SULTANOVA Department of Children and Surgical Dentistry, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Gulnar ISAEVA Department of Children and Surgical Dentistry, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Mukhtar ZHAILYBAYEV Department of Clinical Anatomy with Operational Surgery, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
  • Raisa URAZ Department of Therapeutic and Prosthetic Dentistry, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
Keywords: Environmental problems; Nonmedical determinants; Child health; Adult health; Environmental risk

Abstract

Abstract Background: The health status of the population of different ages was examined. Since children are very vulnerable to environmental factors, our goal was to examine their health status and compare them with those of the older population. Also one of the important tasks of our study was the installation of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks for children and adults of different sexes. Methods: During our research, we calculated the air pollution index, investigated the incidence statistics of the population, and calculated the lifetime average daily dose (LADD). We investigated the content of sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen oxide, ammonium and hydrogen carbonates and compared it with safe level of exposure. Results: In Aktobe, the Republic of Kazakhstan the external environment is polluted with boron and chromium, and in Aktau - with organic hydrocarbons. High morbidity rates in adolescents were found for endocrine disorders, digestive system diseases, and musculoskeletal system disorders. Estimating the prevalence and incidence of newly diagnosed diseases among women in Aktau showed that the overall incidence rate, as well as the incidence of respiratory and skin diseases, declines with age. The incidence of the genitourinary system and the number of nervous disorders increase, and the number of neoplasms increases in men population. A study of carcinogenic risks showed that children with Aktau, especially boys, have the greatest risk of cancer. Conclusion: The conducted research shows that environmental factors have a big impact on the health of the population.    

References

1. Summers JK, Smith LM, Case JL, Linthurst RA (2012). A Review of the Elements of Human Well-Being with an Emphasis on the Contribu-tion of Ecosystem Services. Ambio, 41(4):327-40.
2. European Charter on Environment and Health (1990). First European Conference on Environ-ment and Health. Copenhagen, p. 221.
3. WHO (1985). European Charter on Environment and Health. Available from: http:// www.euro.who.int/ About WHO / Policy / 20010827.
4. Sartorius BKD (2014). Global infant mortality trends and attributable determinants – an ecological study using data from 192 countries for the period 1990–2011. Pop Health Metrics, 12(29): 1-15.
5. Mohammadfam I, Saraji GN, Kianfar A, Mahmoudi S (2013). Developing the health, safety and environment excellence instrument. Ir J Env Health Sci Eng, 10(1): 7.
6. Dyusembayeva NK (2015). Child morbidity rates in the Aral Sea region. Relevant Issues and Prospects of the Development of Humanities and Social Stud-ies. Proceedings of International Electronic Sym-posium. Makhachkala, p. 32-36.
7. Leonov SA, Tsybulskaya IS, Nizamova ER (2014). Analysis of child morbidity rates in Russia in 2009-2013. Health Man, 10: 20-32.
8. Barvinko NG (2007). Child health in rural areas with different levels of air pollution. Human Ecol, 1: 34-38.
9. Battakova ZhE, Bekmukhambetov YZh, Tokmur-ziyeva GZh et al (2014). Standardized European childhood obesity surveillance system. Eur J Bio-med, 7(2):112-114.
10. Buyko NV (2006). The reproductive health of ado-lescent girls – medical and social aspects. Bull Russ St Med Uni, 2: 315a-315.
11. Battakova ZhE, Tokmurziyeva GZh, Adayeva AA (2014). Modern aspects of problems related to the development of a healthy lifestyle in adoles-cents. Relt Iss Devel Healthy Lifestyle, Dis Preven, Health Str, 2: 16-26.
12. Battakova ZhE, Bekmukhambetov YZh, Tokmur-ziyeva GZh et al (2014). Nutrition childhood obe-sity monitoring as a healthy lifestyle factor. Eur J Biomed, 7(2):116-121.
13. Currie C, Zanotti C, Morgan A et al (2009). Social de-terminants of health and well-being among young people. HBSC Study, 2010: 271.
14. Osmanov RO, Musaeva ZG, Kurbiyeva SO (2008). Current state and prospects of environmental fac-tor effect on child health. South Russ Ecol Develop, 2: 119-122.
15. Gong JP, Hu Y, Liu M, Bu R et al (2015). Characteri-zation of Air Pollution Index and its affecting fac-tors in industrial urban areas in Northeastern China. Pol J Environ Stud, 24(4): 1579-1592.
16. Committee on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakh-stan (2018). Available from: http://stat.gov.kz/faces/homePage?_adf.ctrl-state=x1asekxko_17&lang=en&_afrLoop=2573320924912324
17. Rumana HS, Sharma RC, Beniwal V, Sharma AK (2014). A retrospective approach to assess human health risks associated with growing air pollution in urbanized area of Thar Desert, western Raja-sthan, India. J Environ Health Sci Eng, 12(1): 23.
18. Li Z, Ma Z, van der Kuijp TJ, et al (2014). A review of soil heavy metal pollution from mines in China: pollution and health risk assessment. Sci Total En-viron, 468: 843-853.
19. Borodin AI, Ovchinnikov EM (2012). Environmen-tal and economic problems of manmade pollu-tion on the population morbidity rate. Pharmaco-econom, 5(1): 28-29.
20. Rizzi LI, De La Maza C, Cifuentes LA, Gómez J (2014). Valuing air quality impacts using stated choice analysis: Trading off visibility against mor-bidity effects. J Environ Manag, 146: 470-480.
21. Leonov SA, Tsybulskaya IS, Nizamova ER (2014). Analysis of child morbidity rates in Russia in 2009-2013. Health Man, 10: 20-32.
22. Barvinko NG (2007). Child health in rural areas with different levels of air pollution. Human Ecol, 1: 34-38.
23. Song Q, Christiani D, Ren J (2014). The Global Contribution of Outdoor Air Pollution to the In-cidence, Prevalence, Mortality and Hospital Ad-mission for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Dis-ease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int J Environ Res Pub Health, 11(11): 22-32.
24. Lykov IN, Shestakov GA, Klimenko EA (2006). As-sessing the effect of environmental heavy metal pollution on the physical development and status of functional systems in adolescents. Human Ecol, 4: 10-15.
25. Morello-Frosch R, Zuk M, Jerrett M et al (2011). Un-derstanding the cumulative impacts of inequalities in environmental health: implications for policy. Health Aff (Millwood), 30(5): 879-887.
26. Flynn J, Slovic P, Mertz CK (1994). Gender, race, and perception of environmental health risks. Risk Analys, 14(6): 1101-1108.
27. Mamyrbayev AA, Zasorin BV (2007). Modern problems of environmental medicine in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific-practical Conference Dedicated to the 75th Anniversary of the Bashkir Oil. Ufa, pp.131-5. (in Russian).
28. Mamyrbayev AA, Karashova GI, Karimova IT, Satybaldieva UA (2010). Medical and social as-pects of the formation of public health urbanized city. Occup Health Med Ecol, 2: 42-9. (in Russian).
29. Mamyrbayev AA, Bekmukhambetov EJ, Zasorin BV, Kibatayev KM (2012). The concentration of metals in the hair and blood of city children in the Aktobe Region. Hyg Sanitat, 3: 61-62.
30. Mamyrbaev AA, Dzharkenov TA, Imangazina ZA, Satybaldieva UA (2015). Mutagenic and carcino-genic actions of chromium and its compounds. Envir Health Prev Med, 20(3): 159-167.
31. Bekmukhambetov EJ, Mamyrbaev AA, Dzharkenov TA, Imangazina ZA (2015). Sensitiz-ing and immunotoxic effect of the chromium and its compounds. Int J Ac Res, 7(2, 2): 448-452.
32. Mamyrbaev AA, Sakebayeva LD, Satybaldieva UA, Kuyanbaeva GE (2012). The role of manmade load in the development of allergic disease mor-bidity. Hyg Sanitat, 3: 25-27.
33. Bekmukhambetov Y, Imangazina Z, Jarkenov T, Mamyrbaev A (2015). Cancer Incidence and Mortality Data in Aktobe, West Kazakhstan, 2000-2010. As Pac Jf Canc Prevent, 16: 2379-2383.
34. Owen N, Salmon J, Koohsari MJ, Turrell G, Giles-Corti B (2014). Sedentary behaviour and health: mapping environmental and social contexts to underpin chronic disease prevention. Br J Sport M, 48(3): 174-177.
35. Claas SA, Arnett DK (2016). The role of healthy life-style in the primordial prevention of cardiovascu-lar disease. Curr Card Rep, 18(6): 56.
36. Smith KR, Corvalán CF, Kjellstrom T (1999). How much global ill health is attributable to environ-mental factors? Epidemiology, 10(5): 573-584.
Published
2019-09-03
How to Cite
1.
BEKMUKHAMBETOV Y, MAMYRBAYEV A, JARKENOV T, ABILOV T, SULTANOVA G, ISAEVA G, ZHAILYBAYEV M, URAZ R. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Assessing the Health of People Living in Environmentally Adverse Conditions. Iran J Public Health. 48(9):1627-1635.
Section
Original Article(s)