Citrobacter freundii Foodborne Disease Outbreaks Related to Environmental Conditions in Yazd Province, Iran

  • Farzaneh AMINHARATI 1. Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Mohammad Hassan EHRAMPOUSH Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Mohammad Mehdi SOLTAN DALLAL 1. Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. Food Microbiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mehdi YASERI Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Abbas Ali DEHGHANI TAFTI Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Zahra RAJABI Food Microbiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Climate; Citrobacter freundii; Environment; Foodborne disease; Outbreak, Iran

Abstract

Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to assess associations of Citrobacter freundii foodborne outbreaks with environmental factors in various regions of Yazd Province, Iran, 2012–2016. Methods: The public health surveillance data were used for one period of five years reported foodborne disease outbreaks in various regions of the Province. Multilevel regression statistical method was used to analyze associations of climatic and demographic variables with outbreaks. Significant associations were tested using likelihood ratio tests. Results: Results showed a significant association between C. freundii outbreaks and air dust conditions, age groups and various regional cities. Conclusion: The current study revealed necessity of etiologic agent identification for use in foodborne disease outbreak guidance in future outbreaks. Systemic surveillance schemes can help prevent and control similar scenarios using reports of environmental effects on foodborne disease outbreaks.  

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Published
2019-06-02
How to Cite
1.
AMINHARATI F, EHRAMPOUSH MH, SOLTAN DALLAL M M, YASERI M, DEHGHANI TAFTI AA, RAJABI Z. Citrobacter freundii Foodborne Disease Outbreaks Related to Environmental Conditions in Yazd Province, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 48(6):1099-1105.
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Original Article(s)