Non-Fire Related Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Sichuan, China: A 9-Year Study (2008-2016)

  • Fan CHEN Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Yi YE Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Qingtao WEI Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Jianxia CHEN Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Hao WU Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Youyi YAN Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  • Linchuan LIAO Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology, West China School of Basic Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Keywords: Non-fire; Carbon monoxide; Poisoning; Retrospective study

Abstract

Abstract Background: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is one of the most important intoxications in the modern world. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of CO poisoning deaths in Sichuan province in the west of China. Methods: Data on fatal non-fire-related carbon monoxide poisoning in Sichuan from 2008 to 2016 were obtained from the Department of Forensic Analytical Toxicology of Sichuan University and were analyzed by the month and year of registration of death, sex, age group, manner of death, source of CO, and location of CO exposure. Comparing with the previous studies carried out in Wuhan and Shanghai to identify the regional differences of CO poisoning in China. Results: A total of 165 non-fire related CO poisoning cases including 237 victims were recorded. Over 90% of the victims died from accidental poisoning. Non-fire related CO poisoning occurred more frequently in winter months and was most prevalent in individuals aged between 18 and 60 yr old. Showering gas accident and coal or charcoal burning was found to be the major source of CO in accident and in suicide cases, respectively. Furthermore, significant regional differences of CO poisoning have been detected in the manner of death and the source of CO. Conclusion: These findings will be valuable in the targeted prevention of non-fire related CO poisoning in China.      

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Published
2019-03-12
How to Cite
1.
CHEN F, YE Y, WEI Q, CHEN J, WU H, YAN Y, LIAO L. Non-Fire Related Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Sichuan, China: A 9-Year Study (2008-2016). Iran J Public Health. 48(3):458-64.
Section
Original Article(s)