The Existing State Analysis of Working Children on the Street in Sanliurfa, Turkey
AbstractAbstractBackground: we aimed to determine the existing state analysis of children on the street and also attending to a school. The children’s ages were between 13-18 yr, attending grades between 7-12th grade.Methods: The sample group was 54,928 students in Sanliurfa, Turkey. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test (P<0.05).Results: 82.8% of working children were male. 92.5% were elder than 12 yr old and 85.8 % had more than 4 siblings. 52.7% of the families’ income was less than 1,000 TL per month. 79.9% of the children had worked in different places before. The distribution of working places was 66.4% in an establishment, 9.5% in the fields, 7.5% in the bazaar and in the streets, 2.8% in bus terminal, 2.9% in industry, 2.5% in parks. The 46.3% of the children stated that they are working willingly. 50.7% were working 6 to 10 h a day. 64.4% were giving the money they earned to their families. 82.1% of the children stated that they liked to attend the school but 62.8% sometimes did not go to school. 20.6% went to work instead of school in those days. The 62.2% of the children answered the question; “According to you, should the children work?” with;”No”.Conclusion: The children started working at very early ages and they faced unfavorable situations. To avoid the children work in very early ages, it is suggested to make educational programs and to compose policies to resolve the problems that force the children to go to work.
Yetim N, Çağlayandereli M (2007). Working children from the social perception: Mersin Sample. Socio-logical J, 3 (14): 32-45.
Kulaksız Y (2014). Child Labor in Poverty Context. ÇSGB World of Labor Journal, 2(3): 91-111.
Tor H (2010). Status of the Child Labor in Turkey. ZfWT. 2(2):25-42.
UNICEFF (1993). Street and Working Children. Summary report. 15-25 February. Florence Italy.
Acar H (2010). The Report Of Evaluating The Provincial Ac-tion Plans Intended to Working Children in streets and living Children In Streets, Turkish Social Service and Children Protection Institution. 1st ed. SHÇEK., Ankara, pp:5-12
TUIK (2012). Turkish Statistical Institute. www.turkstat.gov.tr/
Bilgin R (2009). A Research about Working Children in Streets In Diyarbakır. E Soc Sciences J, 8 (27): 232-244.
Bakırcı K (2004). Child Labor in Turkey. TUSİAD Görüs J, 58: 52-56.
Çapur OÇ. Educational Expectations of Working Children Attending Primary School [PhD thesis], Institute of Social Sciences, Çukurova University, Turkey; 2006.
Çöpoğlu M (2001). Child Labour in Turkey and In the World. İstanbul: Food Indusrty Union Head Office Training Publications No: 11
ÇSGB (2005). Method Suggestion for Action Pro-gram and Policy for Protecting the Working Chil-dren (7 Branch of activity samples).
Fidan F (2004). Sociopsychological Vıew to the Fact of Working Children. Trakya University Social Studies Journal, C. 4 (1), s. 30-49.
DPT (2001). Child Specialization Commission Report Anka-ra: Eighth Five Year Development Plan. Publication No: DPT: 2573-ÖİK: 586.
DİE (2001). Working Children Turkey 1999. Ankara: State Institute of Statistics Press.
Poonam RN, Seema S, Bansode G et al (2011). Street children of Mumbai: Demographic profile and substance abuse. Biomed Res, 22(4): 495-498.
Aydın D, Çiftçi E, Karataş H (2015). Determination of the Depression States of Children who Work in the Streets. J Pediatr Res, 2(1):31-6 DOI: 10.4274/jpr.83702
Karabulut Ö (1996). Working Children İn Turkey. TÜRK-İŞ Working Children's Bureau İstanbul: pp:23
DİSK-AR (2015). Report of Child Labor ın Turkey-2015. The Report of Reality of Child Labor in Turkey. Confederation of Progressive Trade Un-ions (DISK)-2015 – DİSK.mht
Zeytinoğlu S (1991). Working children in Streets and Living in Streets. Child Abuse and Child Neglect. Eds, Konanç, Gürkaynak and Egemen. İnternational Labor Organization, Ankara, pp. 105-111.
Invernizzi A (2003). Working Children and Adoles-cents in Limawork as an Agent of Socialization. Childhood, 10(3): 319–341.
Ayar D, Öztürk C (2015). Juvenile Delinquency in Post Graduate Studies in Turkey. J Pediatr Res, 2(1):17-20.
Warren CW, Jones NR, Peruga A et al (2008). Global youth tobacco surveillance, 2000-2007. MMWR Surveill Summ, 57(1):1-28.
Sener S, Serdar M (2015). The Issue of “Street Chil-dren” and The Policies Applied To This Issue (A Case Of Turkey And India). Dumlupınar University Journal of Social Sciences, 45:104-117.