Measurement of Methanol and Ethanol Contents in Most Com-monly Used Herbal Distillates Produced by Three Famous Brands

  • Mahdi YOUSEFI Dept. of Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Reza AFSHARI Medical Toxicology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Masoumeh SADEGHI Dept. of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Roshanak SALARI Dept. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Keywords: Herbal distillate, Herbal water, Traditional Persian medicine, Methanol, Ethanol

Abstract

AbstractBackground: Herbal distillates have been used for many centuries as herbal medicines in Traditional Persian medicine. The main purpose of this study was to determine methanol and ethanol contents in commonly-used industrial herbal distillates produced by three famous factories in Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran (2014-2015).Methods: Ninety herbal waters of ten types of most commonly used herbal distillates including Willow (Salix alba), Ajava seeds (Carum copticum), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Poleigamander (Teucrium polium), Forty plants, Peppermint (Mentha piperita), Camel thorn (Alhagi camelorum), Chicory (Cichorium intybus), Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis) and Rose water (Rosa damascene) of three famous company in Mashhad were randomly bought from market. Methanol and ethanol contents of each sample were measured by Gas chromatography according to the standard method. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS using appropriate descriptive statistical tests.Results: The highest average amount of methanol of all tested distillates is for forty plants (46.06 mg/dl) and M. piperita (46.72 mg/dl) and the lowest for ajava seed (8.46 mg/dl). The maximum and minimum ethanol level was reported for rose water (0.39 mg/dl) and ajava seed (0.15 mg/dl), respectively.Conclusion: High methanol and ethanol concentrations may induce toxicity in people taking these products regularly for a long time. Therefore, considering the harmful effects of methanol and ethanol on human health, further studies are required for determining permitted levels of methanol and ethanol in herbal distillates. 

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Published
2018-06-20
How to Cite
1.
YOUSEFI M, AFSHARI R, SADEGHI M, SALARI R. Measurement of Methanol and Ethanol Contents in Most Com-monly Used Herbal Distillates Produced by Three Famous Brands. IJPH. 47(6):901-7.
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Original Article(s)