Socio-demographic Determinants of Household Food Insecurity among Iranian: A Population-based Study from Northwest of Iran
AbstractAbstractBackground: We aimed to evaluate the household food security status and associated factors in East-Azerbaijan, Iran (urban and regional areas).Methods: Data (n=1385) as a part of the major lifestyle promotion project conducted in northwest of Iran were collected in 2015, by short form of the Household Food Security Scale consisting six questions. The Chi-square and Logistic regression were used to for statistical analysis.Results: The prevalence of food insecurity was 58.4%. The rate of food insecurity in the residents of capital city (59.7%) was higher than those of residents of regional cities (57.18%), however, this difference was not statistically significant (P=0.36). The respondents with family size more than 3 (P=0.01), unemployed (0.001) and married (0.01) respondents and the ones with lower education levels (P<0.001) were significantly more food insecure than other respondents. After adjusting for depending factors, the marital status, household size, educational level and the employment status of the head of the family had significant association with food security.Conclusion: Family size, employment status and educational level of the head of the family were significant predictors of food insecurity. Policymakers should focus on increasing minimum education levels and employment situations to decrease food insecurity.
McLeod L, Veall M (2006). The dynamics of food insecurity and overall health: evi-dence from the Canadian National Popu-lation Health Survey. Appl Econ, 38: 2131-2146.
Fuller-Thomson E, Nimigon J (2008). Factors associated with depression among individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome: findings from a nationally representative survey. Fam Pract, 25:414-22.
Gucciardi E, Vogt JA, DeMelo M et al (2009). An exploration of the relationship between household food insecurity and diabetes mellitus in Canada. Diabetes Care, 32:2218–2224.
Anema A, Vogenthaler N, Frongillo EA et al (2009). Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS: current knowledge, gaps, and research priorities. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep, 6: 224-231.
Marjerrison S, Cummings EA, Glanville NT et al (2011). Prevalance and associations of food insecurity in children with diabetes mellitus. J Pediatr, 158:607-611.
Qasemi H (1998). Food security programme in Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran: Institute of Food and Nutrition Research.
Carlson SJ, Andrews MS, Bickel GW (1999). Measuring food insecurity and hunger in the United States: development of a national benchmark measure and prevalence estimates. J Nutr, 129(2S Suppl):510S-516S.
Dastgiri S, Tutunchi H, Ostadrahimi A, Mahboob S (2007). Sensitivity and specificity of a short questionnaire for food insecurity surveillance in Iran. Food Nutr Bull, 28:55-58.
Food Agriculture Organization (2001). The state of food insecurity in the world. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/y1500e/y1500e00.htm
Coleman-Jensen A, Gregory C, Singh A (2014). Household food security in the United States in 2013. USDA-ERS Economic Research Report. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/45265/48787_err173.pdf?v=42265
Sorsdahl K, Slopen N, Siefert K et al (2011). Household food insufficiency and mental health in South Africa. J Epidemiol Community Health, 65:426-431.s
Shariff ZM, Khor GL (2008). Household food insecurity and coping strategies in a poor rural community in Malaysia. Nutr Res Pract, 2:26-34.
Chaput J-P, Gilbert J-A, Tremblay A (2007). Relationship between food insecurity and body composition in Ugandans living in urban Kampala. J Am Diet Assoc, 107:1978-1982.
Hasan-Ghomi M, Mirmiran P, Asghari G et al (2015). Food security is associated with dietary diversity: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Nutr Food Sci Res, 2:11-18.
Payab M, Motlagh A-rD, Eshraghian M et al (2014). The association of family food security and depression in mothers having primary school children in Ray-Iran. J Diabetes Metab Disord, 13:65.
Eshraghian M, Siassi F, Jazayeri G (2007). Obesity and food security in Yazd primary school students. Tehran Univ Med J, 65:68-76.
Najafianzadeh M, Mobarak-Abadi A, Ranjbaran M et al (2015). Relationship between the prevalence of food insecurity and some socioeconomic and demographic factors in the rural households of Arak, 2014. Iran J Nutr Sci food Tech, 9:35-44.(In Persian)
Gulliford MC, Mahabir D, Rocke B (2004). Reliability and validity of a short form household food security scale in a Caribbean community. BMC Public Health, 4:22.
Marques ES, Reichenheim ME, de Moraes CL et al (2015). Household food insecurity: a systematic review of the measuring instruments used in epidemiological studies. Public Health Nutr, 18:877-892.
Mohammadi F, Omidvar N, Houshiar-Rad A et al (2012). Validity of an adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in urban households in Iran. Public Health Nutr, 15: 149-157.
Sharafkhani R, Dastgiri S, Gharaaghaji R et al (2010). The role of household structure on the prevalence of food insecurity. Eur J Gen Med, 7:385-388.
Gholami A, Foroozanfar Z (2015). Household food security status in the Northeast of Iran: a cross-sectional study. Med J Islam Repub Iran, 29:227.
Townsend MS, Peerson J, Love B et al (2001). Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. J Nutr, 131:1738-45.
Dastgiri S, Mahdavi R, TuTunchi H et al (2006). Prevalence of obesity, food choices and socio-economic status: a cross-sectional study in the north-west of Iran. Public Health Nutr, 9:996-1000.