A Comparative Study on Acceptance and Distribution of Modern Medical Care in Japanese Colonies
AbstractAbstract Background: The propagation of modern medicine in the colonies has often been described in terms of modernism and nationalism, focusing on the action-reaction conflict with colonial power, but the propagation of modem medical care and hygiene in colonial Chosun seems not to be explained by this perspective. So how can we explain this aspect? Answering this question could provide new implications for the many controversies surrounding the “colonial modern" acceptance. Methods: In order to examine the pattern of colonial acceptance of modern medicine, three cases of Britain and India, Japan and Taiwan, Japan and Chosun were set and compared, and the characteristics of colony Chosun were examined in-depth. Results: The existence of the 'traditional medicine doctors' who played an important role in the dissemination of public health in colonial Chosun can be explained from the understanding of the identity of Confucian intellectuals who played a role in the traditional Chosun society. Conclusion: The proliferation of modern medicine in the colonies has often been explained in terms of modernism and nationalism; however, the acceptance of a modern sanitary system in colony Chosun has been influenced by the traditional elements of the society. When considering these factors, the relationship between colonialists and the colonized society can be examined from a more interrelated perspective.
Michi Masatoshi・Iijima Wataru・Wakimura Kouhei (2001). Development, dis-ease, and imperial medicine: The social history of medicine in the Asian context, Tokyodaiga-kusyuppankai, Tokyo, pp.: 75-95 (in Jap-anese).
Iijima Wataru (2005). The hidden history of Ma-laria: colonial/imperial medicine and an integrated regional order in 20th-century East Asia. To-kyodaigakusyuppankai, Tokyo (in Japa-nese).
Yamamoto Yuzo (2003). A Study of Empire: Principle・Type・Relationship. Nago-yadaigakusyuppan, Nagoya (in Japanese).
Oe Shinobu, Asada Koji. Ed (1992-1993). Iwanami Lectures: Colony of Modern Japan, Structure of Imperial Governance. Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo (in Japanese).
Iijima Wataru (2000). Plague and modern China: institutionalization of public health and social change. Kenbunsyuppan, Tokyo (in Japa-nese).
Moon Myeong-gi (2013). The Gaps Found from the “Civilization of Colonies” and Implications Thereof – The Modernity of the Colonies of Taiwan and Chosun Seen Through the Comparison of the Sectors of Healthcare. Journal of Korean Studies, 46: 33-69.(in Korean).
Choi Gyu-jin. The Japanese Colonial Gov-ernance Seen Through the Policies of In-oculation – Focused on Taiwan and Chosun [PhD thesis]. Graduate School of Seoul National University, Seoul; 2014 (in Korean).
Yanaihara Tadao ([1929 original edition] 1994). Taiwan under Imperialism. Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, pp.: 166-167(in Japanese).
Liu Shiyong (2001). Formation of colonial medicine and its characteristics in Taiwan. Development, disease, and imperial medicine: The social history of medicine in the Asian context, Tokyodaigakusyuppankai, Japan, pp.: 237-267 (in Japanese).
Ting kunchien (2009). The Medical Qualifi-cation Examination for Chinese Physi-cian in the Year Japanese-Rule Taiwan. Journal of Livning Science, 13: 83-110.(in Chinese)
Kim Jeong-myung (1993). A collection of mate-rials related to Japanese-Korean relations. Gan-nandoushoten, Tokyo, pp.180-181(in Japanese).
Shin Dong-won (2002). The Formation of the Colonial Policy of Medical – Focused on the Policy of Korean Traditional Med-icine. Han’guk Munhwa, 30 : 333-370.(in Korean).
Park Youn-jae (2005). The Origin of Modern Medicine in Korea. Haean, Seoul, pp.:317-318.(in Korean)
Official Gazette of the Japanese Government-General of Korea, 1913. 11. 15.
Jeong Ji-hoon (2002). Doing a Research on “East and West Medicine Research Socie-ty Monthly View”. Journal of Korean Society of the Medical History, 15 (1): 199-212 (in Korean).
Park Ji-hyeon (2016). Uisaeng Activities of Confucian Intellectual Haeak Kim Kwang-Jin and their Meanings. Yoksa Hakbo, 229: 157-185 (in Korean).
Huang Yongyuan (2017). Physician and Lo-cal Society of Ming and Qing Period-Focused on Confucian Physician in Jiangnan. Yonsei Journal of Medical History, 20 (1): 97-117 (in Korean).
Seong Ho-joon, Yun Chang-yeol (2007). Ideological trait of Confucian Doctors medicine. Research Institute of Korean Medi-cine, 116 (2): 13-23 (in Korean).
Jeong Bok-Cheol (2008). A Study on Para-digm of Body Politics: The Phase of Body-Politics Discourse in Rui-yi Confu-cian Medicine. OUGHTOPIA: The Journal of Social Paradigm Studies, 23 (2): 177-216 (in Korean).
Park Ji-hyun. The Migration, Uisaeng. Ac-tivities and Intellectual Turn of Confucian Intellectual Hae-ak Kim Kwang-Jin from the Late Period of Chosǒn to Japanese Colonial Era [PhD thesis]. Graduate School of Dona-A University, Pusan; 2017 (in Korean).