Association between Cigarette Smoking Frequency and Health Factors among Korean Adults

  • Hu-Nyun KIM College of Creative Future Talent, Daejin University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Mi-Ae SHIN College of Creative Future Talent, Daejin University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Jae-Hun ROH College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Mi-Kyung HAN College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Yu-Mi WON College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Ik-Rae CHO College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Hyo-Joo PARK College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Taek-Kyun LEE College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Tae-Keun PARK College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Hee-Moon HA College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Seung-Won YANG College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Seung-Hi MIN College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Shin-Young LEE College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Sang-Ho LEE College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Ji-Hyuk KIM Dept. of Sports and Leisure, Kwangju University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
  • Se-Jeong KWON College of Sport Sciences, Chung-Ang University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Yeon-Sook LEE Dept. of Exercise & Rehabilitation, Daewon University, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea
  • Young-Wan KO Dept. of Social Physical Science, Chodang University, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea
  • In-Hong KIM College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea
  • Jeong-Hyeon KWAK Dept. of Taekwondo, Gachon University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Tae-Gyeom JUNG College of Physical Education, Kyunghee University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Jeong-Woo JEON College of Physical Education, Kyunghee University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Kyung-Rok OH College of Physical Education, Kyunghee University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
  • Hye-Sook HA College of Convergence Culture and Arts, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Me-Suk KIM College of Convergence Culture and Arts, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Yeong-Man KIM Division of Sports, SoongSil University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Min-Jeong KIM College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Tae-Young KIM College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Ji-Hyoung CHIN College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Keywords: Smoking frequency, Health factor, Korea

Abstract

  Background: Recently, there has been  a trend that cigarette smoking rate in Asian and Africa adults has increased while the age group to start smoking has decreased gradually. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between lifetime smoking and hypertension, diabetes, obesity, waist measure, fasting blood pressure and food consumption, in order to look into health status depending on smoking status in Koreans. Methods: Totally, 1075 men and 697 women with no disease participated in this study, in which one-way ANOVA was conducted by using SPSS version 18.0 for statistical process. The level of statistical significance was 0.05. Results: As a result of analysis on relationship between lifetime smoking and hypertension, obesity and diabetes, statistically significant differences were revealed. Lifetime smoking was found to be significantly associated with increased waist measure, higher level of fasting blood sugar, and more ingestion of nutrients (carbohydrate, fat, and protein). Conclusion: Increased amount of lifetime cigarette smoking was shown to negatively influence various health factors, which might become to be a drive to cause diseases. Therefore, method to improve health factors must be sought for via education and campaign to control an amount of cigarette smoking in Korean adults.    

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Published
2018-06-10
How to Cite
1.
KIM H-N, SHIN M-A, ROH J-H, HAN M-K, WON Y-M, CHO I-R, PARK H-J, LEE T-K, PARK T-K, HA H-M, YANG S-W, MIN S-H, LEE S-Y, LEE S-H, KIM J-H, KWON S-J, LEE Y-S, KO Y-W, KIM I-H, KWAK J-H, JUNG T-G, JEON J-W, OH K-R, HA H-S, KIM M-S, KIM Y-M, KIM M-J, KIM T-Y, CHIN J-H. Association between Cigarette Smoking Frequency and Health Factors among Korean Adults. IJPH. 47(Supple 1):19-6.
Section
Original Article(s)