Considering an Approach for Assessing the Relevance of Tattoo-associated Health Risk from an Overall Toxicological Perspective

  • Yongbum KWON Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon, South Korea
  • Do Gyun LEE Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon, South Korea
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Abstract

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References

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Lehner K, Santarelli F, Vasold R, König B, Landthaler M, Bäumler W (2011). Black tattoo inks are a source of problematic substances such as dibutyl phthalate. Contact Dermatitis, 65:231-38.

Kluger N, Koljonen V (2012). Tattoos, inks, and cancer. The Lancet Oncol, 13:161-68.

Forte G, Petrucci F, Cristaudo A, Bocca B (2009). Market survey on toxic metals contained in tattoo inks. Sci Total Environ, 407:5997-6002.

Grant CA, Twigg PC, Baker R, Tobin DJ (2015). Tattoo ink nanoparticles in skin tissue and fibroblasts. Beilstein J Nanotechno, 6:1183-91.

Lehner K, Santarelli F, Vasold R, Penning R, Sidoroff A, König B, Landthaler M, Bäumler W (2014). Black tattoos entail substantial uptake of genotoxicpolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in human skin and regional lymph nodes. PloS One, 9:e92787.

Trouiller B, Reliene R, Westbrook A, Solaimani P, Schiestl RH (2009). Titanium dioxide nanoparticles induce DNA damage and genetic instability in vivo in mice. Cancer Res, 69:8784-89.

Høgsberg T, Jacobsen NR, Clausen PA, Serup J (2013). Black tattoo inks induce reactive oxygen species production correlating with aggregation of pigment nanoparticles and product brand but not with the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content. Exp Dermatol, 22:464-69.

Piccinini P, Pakalin S, Contor L, Bianchi I, Senaldi C (2016) Safety of tattoos and permanent make-up. Final report; EUR 27947 EN. Joint Research Centre, European Commission.

Published
2018-05-13
How to Cite
1.
KWON Y, LEE DG. Considering an Approach for Assessing the Relevance of Tattoo-associated Health Risk from an Overall Toxicological Perspective. IJPH. 47(5):755-6.
Section
Letter to the Editor