Clinical Manifestations and Molecular Biology of One Case of Carney Complex: A Case Report

  • Mengxue YANG Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Biao LONG Dept. of Pediatrics, Qiandongnan People’s Hospital, Kaili, Guizhou, China
  • Jie XU School of Public Health, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Jie YU School of Public Health, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Xianwen LI Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Fanhao YE Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Bo YANG Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Yulan LIAO Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Sicheng LI Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Ya LI Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
  • Xue ZHOU Dept. of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
Keywords: Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, Carney complex, Point mutation, PRKAR1A gene

Abstract

Carney complex (CNC) is a rare genetic disease. Here, we report a case of CNC and explore clinical manifestations and gene mutation studies of CNC. A male patient with CNC at the age of 16 yr was admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University in July, 2015. Although the patient had typical signs of Cushing's syndrome, he also presented with certain rare signs of Cushing's syndrome, such as "freckle-like" scattered spots of pigmentation on the face and around the lips. In addition, concomitant severe osteoporosis led to flattened vertebrae and the compression of corresponding levels of the spinal cord. Radiographic findings revealed adrenal nodular hyperplasia. Based on sequencing, 2 novel heterozygous mutations of the PRKAR1A gene were found. CNC was eventually diagnosed via pathologic biopsy. After 1 year of follow-up, the patient exhibited weight loss, relief of low back pain, normal blood biochemical indicators and cortisol levels at the lower limit of the normal range. 

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Published
2018-04-23
How to Cite
1.
YANG M, LONG B, XU J, YU J, LI X, YE F, YANG B, LIAO Y, LI S, LI Y, ZHOU X. Clinical Manifestations and Molecular Biology of One Case of Carney Complex: A Case Report. Iran J Public Health. 47(4):597-602.
Section
Case Report(s)