Physician-assisted Suicide in Serbia
AbstractBackground: Physician-assisted suicide is one of the features with very different legal solutions in the world. In Serbia, physician-assisted suicide is a crime, within a crime of the assisted suicide. The possibility of the legislation of the voluntary active euthanasia may open the door to the decriminalization of the physician-assisted suicide.Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia collected during 2015. The research included 88 physicians: 57 male physicians (representing 64.77% of the sample) and 31 female physicians (35.23% of the sample). Due to the nature, subject, and hypothesis of the research, the authors used descriptive method and the method of the theoretical content analysis.Results: We have raised numerous questions. A slight majority of the physicians (58%) believes that physician-assisted suicide should be legalized, while 42% is for another solution. 90.9% took a viewpoint that it is completely unacceptable legalization of the physician-assisted suicide for all age groups, while the remaining 9.1% is to such legislative move. From the other side, 40.7% of respondents would prescribe a lethal dose of the medicament to the patient, who is in the terminal stage of the incurable disease, but, 59.3% would not do it. Interesting is that 13.8% of the physician had a patient who asked for the information how to commit suicide, and 12.5% gave them such information.Conclusion: Physicians in Serbia are divided on this issue. The majority of them are for the legalization of medical assistance to suicide, but there is a strong division among them on various issues.
Stojanović Z (2007). The Comentary of the Serbian Criminal Code. Belgrade: Official Gazzette. (Serbian)
Sheb J, Sheb J II (2011). Criminal Law & Procedure. Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Hall D (2012). Criminal Law and Procedure. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning,.
Paterson C (2008). Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Ed. Arrigo B (2014). Encyclopedia of criminal jus-tice ethics. Los Angeles: Sage publications.
Vuković I (2007). Assisting in suicide out of pity (article 119, par. 2 CC) by omission, meeting the mind of a passive subject. In: State of the Crime in Serbia and Legal Means of the Reaction. Ed. Ignjatović Dj. Belgrade: Faculty of Law, University in Belgrade, pp. 232-241. (Serbian)
Keegan L, Drick CA (2010). End of Life – Nursing solutions for Death with Dignity. New York: Springer.
Banović B, Turanjanin V (2014). Euthanasia: Murder or Not: A Comparative Ap-proach. Iran J Public Health, 43(10): 1316-1323.
Turanjanin V, Mihajlović B (2014). Right to die with dignity – the same problem and different legal approaches in European legislations, with special regard to Serbia. In: Human Rights between War and Peace, vol-ume II. Ed. M. Sitek, G. Dammacco, M. Wójcicka, Olsztyn, pp. 53-68.
Center for Bioethics (2005). End of Life Care, An Ethical Overview. University of Minnesota.
Fernandes AK (2001). Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and the philosophical anthropology of Karol Wojtyla. Christ Bioeth, 7(3):379-402.
Sharma BR (2003). To legalize physician-assisted suicide or not – a dilemma. J Clin Forensic Med, 10(3): 185-190.
Oduncu FS (2003). Euthanasia: Killing as Due Care? Wien Med Wochenschr , 153: 387–391.
Müller-Busch HC, Oduncu FS, Woskanjan S, Klaschik E (2004). Attitudes on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide and terminal sedation – A survey of the members of the German Association for Palliative Medicine. Med Health Care Philos, 7: 333–339.
Hunt WE (1993). The Right to Die in Mon-tana: The Montana Uniform Rights of the Temrinally Ill Act. Mont Law Rev, 54(2): 339-356.
Sharma BR (2008). Assisted Suicide – How Far Justifiable?. In: Physician Assisted Suicide. Ed. Tadikonda R. The Icfai University Press, pp. 65-84.
Hillyard D (2001). Dying Right – The Death With Dignity Movement. New York – London: Routledge.
Orlando SJ (2013). The Doctor Will See You for the Last Time Now: Physician-Assisted Suicide in Massachusetts. Suffolk U L Rev, 46:243-261.
Oduncu F, Sahm S (2010). Doctor-cared dying instead of physician-assisted suicide: a prespective from Germany. Med Health Care Philos, 31: 371-381.
Turanjanin V (2013). The origins and possi-bilities of development of ‘death tourism’ in Western Europe. In: Service Law. Ed. M Mićović. Faculty of Law, University of Kragujevac, Serbia, pp. 787-803. (Serbian)
Jušić A (2002). Euthanasia. Revija za socijalnu politiku, 9(3): 301-309. [Croatian]
Wolfslast G (2008). Physician-Assisted Suicide and the German Criminal Law. In: Giving Death a Helping Hand: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Public Policy. An International Perspective. Ed. Birnbacher D, Dahl E. Springer, pp. 87-96.
Lazarević Lj (2011). The Comentary of the Serbian Criminal Code. Belgrade: Union University. [Serbian]
Čejović B (2008). Criminal Law in the Jurisprudence, special part. Kragujevac: Lion Mark. [Serbian]
Turanjanin V (2013). Death with dignity in Belgium. In: XXI century – Century of Ser-vices and Service Law. Ed. M Mićović. Faculty of Law, University of Kragujevac, Serbia, pp. 223-237. (Serbian)
Banović B, Turanjanin V, Miloradović A (2017). An Ethical Review of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. Iran J Publ Health, 46(2): 173-179.