Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Food Handlers of Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran
AbstractAbstract Background: Food handlers play a significant role in the dissemination and transmission of enteropathogenic microorganisms, including intestinal parasites. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in food handlers of Bandar Abbas, southern Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 800 stool samples were randomly collected in a period of 6 months from Jun to Nov 2015. The diagnosis was made on direct wet mount, formalin-ether concentration, Ziehl-Neelsen, and Trichrome stained slides. Results: 34.9% of participants were positive for stool parasites. The most infected individuals were seen in the workers of bakeries 54.3%, factories 41.1% fast foods 35.7%, supermarkets 34.7%, restaurants 33.9%, offices 29.8%, butchers 27.3% and coffee shops 26.7% respectively (P<0.05). The intestinal parasites were Blastocystis hominis 24.3%, Entamoeba coli 8%, Giardia lamblia 6.8% and Dientamoeba fragilis 4.3% respectively. Only two infections by Hymenolepis nana (0.3%) and one by Enterobius vermicularis (0.1%) were detected in this study. Living in the workplace and direct contact with the raw foodstuff affected the prevalence of intestinal parasites (P<0.05). Conclusion: The use of concentration methods for the detection of intestinal parasites as well as continuous and effective education in short-term courses to promote hygienic behavior is suggested.
Sharif M, Daryani A, Kia E, Rezaei F, Nasiri M, Nasrolahei M (2015). Prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers of Sari, Northern Iran. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo, 57:139-44.
Havelaar AH, Kirk MD, Torgerson PR et al (2015). World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease in 2010. PLoS Med, 3;12(12):e1001923.
Zaglool D, Khodari Y, Othman R, Farooq M (2011). Prevalence of intestinal parasites and bacteria among food handlers in a tertiary care hospital. Niger Med J, 52:266-270.
Motazedian MH, Najjari M, Ebrahimipour M, Asgari Q, Mojtabavi S, Mansouri M (2015). Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Food-handlers in Shiraz, Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 10:652-7.
Andargie G, Kassu A, Moges F, Tiruneh M, Huruy K (2008). Prevalence of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food-handlers in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia. J Health Popul Nutr, 26:451-5.
Kheirandish F, Tarahi MJ, Ezatpour B (2014). Prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Western Iran. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo, 56:111-114.
Kusolsuk T, Maipanich W, Nuamtanong S et al (2011). Parasitic and enteric bacterial infections among food handlers in tourist-area restaurants and educational-institution cafeterias, Sai-Yok district, Kanchanaburi province, Thailand. J Trop Med Parasitol, 34:49-53.
Zarezadeh M, Malakotian M (2014). Prevalence of bacteria (Salmonella, Shigella) and intestinal parasites among food handlers in Kerman, Iran, in 1390. Pajoohandeh, 19 (1): 55-59.
Ghosh A, Mishra PP, Sharma VP (2014). Prevalence of parasitic infestations amongst the food handlers in a city of North Eastern Region of India. Natl J Integr Res Med, 5 (2): 15-18.
Shokri A, Sarasiabi KS, Teshnizi SH, Mahmoodi H (2012). Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis and other intestinal parasitic infections among mentally retarded residents in central institution of southern Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2 (2):88-91.
Babiker MA, Ali MS, Ahmed ES (2009). Frequency of intestinal parasites among food-handlers in Khartoum, Sudan. East Mediterr Health J, 15:1098-104.
Khurana S, Taneja N, Thapar R, Sharma M, Malla N (2008). Intestinal bacterial and parasitic infections among food handlers in a tertiary care hospital of North India. Trop Gastroenterol, 29:207-9.
Sarasiabi, S.K. & Madani, A.H. & Zare, S. (2002). Prevalence of intestinal parasites in primary school pupils of Bandar Abbas. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci, 5. 25-30.
Kamau P, Aloo-Obudho P, Kabiru E, Ombacho K, Langat B, Mucheru O, Ireri L (2012). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in certified food-handlers working in food establishments in the City of Nairobi, Kenya. J Biomed Res, 26 (2): 84–89.
Suriptiastuti J, Manan W (2011). Intestinal parasites from fingernails of sidewalk food vendors. Univ Med, 30:120-125.
Balarak D, Modrek MJ, Bazrafshan E, Ansari H, Kord Mostafapour F (2016). Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infection among Food Handlers in Northwest Iran. J Parasitol Res, 2016:8461965.
Colli CM, Mizutani AS, Martins VA, Ferreira ÉC, Gomes ML (2014). Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasites in food handlers, southern Brazil. Int J Environ Health Res, 24 (5): 450-8
Tefera T, Mebrie G (2014). Prevalence and predictors of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Yebu Town, southwest Ethiopia. PLoS One, 17;9 (10):e110621.
Rokni MB (2008). The present status of human helminthic diseases in Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 102:283-95.
Abdulsalam AM, Ithoi I, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Khan AH, Ahmed A, Surin J, Mak JW (2013). Prevalence, predictors and clinical significance of Blastocystis sp. in Sebha, Libya. Parasit Vectors, 8;6:86.
Aklilu A, Kahase D, Dessalegn M et al (2015). Prevalence of intestinal parasites, salmonella and shigella among apparently health food handlers of Addis Ababa University student's cafeteria, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes, 24;8:17.
Nigusse D, Kumie A (2012). Food hygiene practices and prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers working in Mekelle university student’s cafeteria, Mekelle. GARJSS, 1(4): 065-071.
Saeed HA, Hamid HH (2010). Bacteriological and parasitological assessment of food handlers in the Omdurman area of Sudan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect, 43(1):70-3.
Simsek Z, Koruk I, Copur AC, Gurses G (2009). Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and intestinal parasites among food handlers in Sanliurfa, Southeastern Anatolia. J Public Health Manag Pract, 15:518-23.
Saki J, Khademvatan S, Masoumi K, Chafghani M (2012). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among food handlers in Khuzestan, Southwest of Iran: a 10 year retrospective study. Afr J Microbiol Res, 6:2475-80.
Koohsar F, Amini A, Ayatollahi A, Noshak G, HedayatMofidi H, Namjoo M (2012). The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in food handlers in Gorgan, Iran. Med Lab J, 6:26-34.