Evaluation of the Health-related Behaviour of Pregnant Women from Warsaw, Poland

  • Dariusz BOGUSZEWSKI Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Jakub Grzegorz ADAMCZYK Theory of Sport Department, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
  • Wiesław TOMASZEWSKI College of Physiotherapy, Wroclaw, Poland
  • Daria SAŁATA Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Ewelina SKOWERA Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Marta PATALON Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Anna OBSZYŃSKA-LITWINIEC Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Dariusz BIAŁOSZEWSKI Division of Rehabilitation, Dept. of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Keywords: Lifestyle, Pregnant women, Physical activity, Health-related behaviour


Abstract Background: Pregnancy is a period of time when women tend to suffer from the weakening of their psychophysical fitness. This research evaluated several selected elements of the lifestyle of pregnant women compared to those of non-pregnant women. Methods: Overall, 482 women attended to the Childbirth School in Gynecological-Obstetric Hospital “Inflancka” in Warsaw, Poland, in the years 2011-2013; Group 1 contained 214 pregnant, and Group 2 contained 268 non-pregnant completed a survey inquiry. The research tool applied was Juczyński’s “Inventory of Health Behaviour” (Inwentarz Zachowań Zdrowotnych). In this tool, the author evaluates health behaviors through four separate categories: dietary habits, prophylactic behaviors, mental attitude, and health behaviors. The differences between the data were defined through the Student’s t-test for independent groups, with a minimal level of significance set at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Pregnant women take care of following a healthy lifestyle. The general health behaviour index figure was significantly higher in Group 1 as compared with the Group 2 (P<0.001). A higher level (P<0.001) of healthy behaviour was typical of physically-active individuals, regardless of their Group (1 & 2). Conclusion: Pregnancy might cause women to increase their interest in matters of their own health and adopt a healthier lifestyle. Physical activity can influence other health-related practices.    


Polish Ministry of Public Health (2007). Narodowy Program Zdrowia na lata 2007-2015. http://www.mz.gov.pl/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/zal_urm_npz_90_15052007p.pdf

Gacek M (2010). Some health behaviours and select-ed health status coefficients in a group of preg-nant women. Prob Hig Epidemiol, 91(1): 48-53.

Chazan B (2003). Zwiększająca się częstość urodzeń dzieci z małą urodzeniową masą ciała – nowy problem polskiej perinatologii. Perinatol Ginekol, 2: 7-12.

Kaiser L, Allen LH (2002). Position of the American Dietetic Association: nutrition and lifestyle for a healthy pregnancy outcome. J Am Diet Assoc, 102(10):1479-90.

Kozłowska J (2006). Rehabilitacja w ginekologii i położnictwie. AWF Kraków.

Rutkowska E, Łepecka-Klusek C (2001). Physical preparation of women for childbirth. Polish Nurs-ing, 2(12): 368-371.

Karowicz-Bilińska A, Sikora A, Estemberg D, Brzozowska M, Berner-Trąbska M, Kuś E, Kowalska-Koperek U. (2010). Physiotherapy in obstetrics. Ginekol Pol, 81: 441-445.

Cioffi J, Schmied V, Dahlen H, Mills A, Thornton Ch, Duff M, Cummings J, Kolt GJ (2010). Physi-cal activity in pregnancy: women’s perceptions practices and influencing factors. J Midwifery Women Health, 55: 455-461.

Boguszewski D, Sałata D, Adamczyk JG, Białoszewski D (2014). Evaluation of the efficien-cy of relaxation and stabilization exercises in the minimization of the low back pain in pregnant women. Medical Review, 2: 152-161

Artal R, O’Toole M (2003). Guidelines of the Ameri-can College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for exercise during pregnancy and the postpar-tum period. Br J Sports Med, 37: 6-12.

Rutkowska E, Łepecka-Klusek C (2002). The role of physical activity in preparing women for pregnan-cy and delivery in Poland. Health Care Women Int, 23: 919-923.

Vallim AL, Osis MJ, Cecatti JG, Baciuk EP, Silveira C, Cavalcante SR (2011). Water exercisesandqualityof-lifeduringpregnancy.ReproductiveHealth,8:14. http://www.reproductive-health-journal.com/content/8/1/14.

Mørkved S, Salvesen KA, Schei B, Lydersen S, Bø K (2007). Does group training during pregnancy prevent lumbopelvic pain? A randomized clinical trial. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 86, 3: 276-282.

Paisley TS, Joy EA, Price RJ (2003). Exercise during pregnancy: A practical approach. Curr Sports Med Rep, 2: 325-330.

Guszkowska M (2011). Physical activity in relation to affective states and labor anxiety in pregnant women. Medicina Sportiva, 15(3): 114-118.

Paczkowska A, Grętkiewicz-Tomczyk A, Grys E (2004). Rehabilitation in pregnancy and during pu-erperium. Arch Perinat Med, 10(1): 43-46.

Sorensen TK, Williams MA, Lee I, Thompson ML, Luthy DA (2003). Recreational physical activity during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia. Hyper-tension, 1273-1280.

Bung P, Artal R, Khodiguian N, Kjos (1991). Exer-cise in gestational diabetes: an optional therapeutic approach? Diabetes, 40: 182-185.

Ekhtiari YS, Majlessi F, Foroushani AR, Shakibaza-deh E (2014). Effect of a Self-care Educational Program Based on the Health Belief Model on Reducing Low Birth Weight among Pregnant Iranian Women. Int J Prev Med, 5(1): 76-82.

Juczyński Z (2001). Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologii zdrowia. PTP Warszawa.

Greenwood C, Stainton C (2001). Back pain/discomfort in pregnancy: Invisible and for-gotten. J Perinat Educ, 10, 1: 1-12.

Ansari NN, Hasson S, Naghdi S, Keyhani S, Jalaie S (2010). Low back pain during pregnancy in Irani-an women: Prevalance and risk factors. Physiother Theory Pract, 26(1): 40-48.

Sabino J, Grauer J (2008). Pregnancy and low back pain.Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med, 1: 137-141.

Mousavi S, Parnianpour M, Vleeming A (2007). Pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain and low back pain in an Iranian population. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 32: E100-104.

Han IH (2010). Pregnancy and spinal problems. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol, 22: 477-481.

Smith MW, Marcus PS, Wurtz LD (2008). Orthope-dic issues in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv, 63(2): 103-111.

Garshasbi A, Faghih Zadeh S (2005). The effect of exercise on the intensity of low back pain in preg-nant women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 88: 271-275.

Mens JM, Damen L, Snijders CJ, Stam HJ (2006). The mechanical effects of pelvic belt in patients witch pregnancy related pelvic pain. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 21(2): 122-127.

Stuge B, Veierød MB, Laerum E, Vøllestad N (2004). The efficacy of a treatment program focusing on specific stabilizing exercises for pelvic griddle pain after pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 29: 351-359.

Bohman T, Alfredsson L, Hallqvist J et al. (2013). The influence of self-reported leisure time physical ac-tivity and the body mass index on recovery from persistent back pain among men and women: a population-based cohort study. BMC Public Health, 13, 385.

Lecheminant JD, Hinman T, Pratt KB et al (2014). Effect of resistance training on body composi-tion, self-efficacy, depression, and activity in post-partum women. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 24(2): 414-421.

Daley AJ, Jolly K, Sharp DJ et al (2012). The effec-tiveness of exercise as a treatment for postnatal depression: study protocol. BMC Pregnancy and Chilbirth, 12, 45-52.

Norman E, Sherburn M, Osborne RH, Galea MP (2010). An Exercise and Education Program Im-proves Well-Being of New Mothers: A Random-ized Controlled Trial. Phys Ther, 90, 348-355.

Shim MJ, Lee YS, Oh HE, Kim IS (2007). Effects of a back-pain-reducing program during pregnancy for Korean woman: A non-equivalent control-group pretest-posttest study. Int J Nurs Stud, 44: 19-28.

Wojtyła A, Kapka-Skrzypczak L, Paprzycki P, Skrzypczak M, Biliński P (2012). Epidemiological studies in Poland on effect of physical activity of pregnant women on the health of offspring and future generations – adaptation of the hypothesis Development Origin of Health and Diseases. Ann Agric Environ Med, 19(2): 315-326.

Boguszewski D, Adamczyk JG, Suchcicka B, Słyk E, Białoszewski D (2014). The estimation of health-related behaviors of men practicing aikido and capoeira. Ido Mov Culture. J Martial Arts Anthrop, 14(2), 41-46.

Boguszewski D, Adamczyk JG, Kowalska S et al (2014). The evaluation of health-related behaviours between the physically active and non-active women. Pol J Public Health, 124(1): 10-13.

Holahan CK, Holahan CJ, Li X, Chen YT (2017). Association of health-related behaviors, attitudes, and appraisals to leisure-time physical activity in middle-aged and older women. Women Health, 57(2): 121-136.

Lewis BA, Napolitano MA, Buman MP, Williams DM, Nigg CR (2017). Future directions in physi-cal activity intervention research: expanding our focus to sedentary behaviors, technology, and dissemination. J Behav Med, 40(1): 112-126.

Davis AM, Wambach KA, Nelson EL, Odar C, Lil-lis T, McKinley A, Gallagher M (2014). Health Behavior Change in Pregnant Women: A Two-Phase Study. Telemed J E Health, 20(12): 1165-1169.

How to Cite
BOGUSZEWSKI D, ADAMCZYK JG, TOMASZEWSKI W, SAŁATA D, SKOWERA E, PATALON M, OBSZYŃSKA-LITWINIEC A, BIAŁOSZEWSKI D. Evaluation of the Health-related Behaviour of Pregnant Women from Warsaw, Poland. IJPH. 47(1):57-3.
Original Article(s)