Reply to Urbanization Theory for Growing Trend of Multiple Sclerosis Letter

  • Rouhullah DEHGHANI Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran Dept. of Environmental Health, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Mohammad Ali SAHRAIAN Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Masoud YUNESIAN Center for Air Pollution Research, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mostafa HADEII Dept. of Environmental Health, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
  • Hamid Reza GILASI Dept. of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Vahid KAZEMI-MOGHADDAM Dept. of Environmental Health, School of Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
Keywords: No keywords##

Abstract

Reply to Urbanization Theory for Growing Trend of Multiple Sclerosi

References

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Dehghani R, Yunesian M, Sahraian MA, Gilasi HR, Kazemi-Moghaddam V (2015). The Evaluation of Multiple Sclerosis Dispersal in Iran and Its Association with Urbanization, Life Style, and Industry. Iran J Public Health, 44(6):830-8.

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Bager P, Nielsen NM, Bihrmann K, Frisch M, Hjalgrim H, Wohlfart J, et al (2004). Childhood infections and risk of multiple sclerosis. Brain, 127(11):2491-7.

Kotzamani D, Panou T, Mastorodemos V et al (2012). Rising incidence of multiple sclerosis in females associated with urbanization. Neurology, 78(22):1728-35.

McMichael AJ (2000). The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries. Bull World Health Organ, 78(9):1117-26.

WHO: Iran, South Asia Ranked Worst in Urban Air Pollution; 2011. Available from: http://www.citylab.com/weather/2011/09/who-air-pollution/200/.

Halek F, Kavouci A, Montehaie H (2004). Role of motor-vehicles and trend of air borne particulate in the Great Tehran area, Iran. Int J Environ Health Res, 14(4):307-13.

Atash F (2007). The deterioration of urban environments in developing countries: Mitigating the air pollution crisis in Tehran, Iran. Cities, 24(6):399-409.

Published
2017-11-01
How to Cite
1.
DEHGHANI R, SAHRAIAN MA, YUNESIAN M, HADEII M, GILASI HR, KAZEMI-MOGHADDAM V. Reply to Urbanization Theory for Growing Trend of Multiple Sclerosis Letter. IJPH. 46(11):1601-2.
Section
Letter to the Editor