Questionnaire-based Prevalence of Food Insecurity in Iran: A Review Article
AbstractBackground: Data on the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity are needed to develop food and nutrition security studies and policies. The present study aimed to assess the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity in Iran.Methods: A systematic search of cross-sectional studies were conducted on databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranmedex, SID and Medlib up to 29 Oct 2015. Estimation of food insecurity prevalence was according to the instruments including 9-items-HFIAS, 18 and 6-items USDA (US-HFSSM) and Radimer/Cernel food security questionnaires. Pooled effect was estimated using random-effect model and heterogeneity was assessed by Cochran’s Q and I2 tests.Results: Thirteen articles included in the study based on screening and assessment of eligibility. The questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity was 49.2% (CI95%: 43.8-54.6). The according to sub-groups analysis, the food insecurity without and with hunger was 29.6% (CI95%: 25.7-33.6) and 19.2% (CI95%: 16-22.3), respectively.Conclusion: The about half of the population were food insecure. The food insecurity without hunger was more than the food insecurity with hunger. An ongoing food insecurity assessment system is needed to support evidence-informed policy and to plan interventions to increase the food security in different areas.
FAO (2003). Trade Reforms and Food Security: Conceptualizing the Linkages. http://www.fao.org/3/a-y4671e.pdf
Denkenberger D, Pearce J (2014). Feeding Everyone No Matter What: Managing Food Security After Global Catastrophe. 1rd ed. Elsevier, Academic Press, San Diego. pp: 1-128. https://www.elsevier.com/books/feeding-everyone-no-matter-what/denkenberger/978-0-12-802150-7
Patel R (2013). “Food sovereignty” is next big idea. Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/584ed992-4216-11e3-9d3c-00144feabdc0
FAO (2017). “Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit, Plan of Action”. Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/w3613e/w3613e00.HTM
Coleman-Jensen A, Rabbitt M, Gregory C, Singh A (2017). Household Food Security in the United States in 2016. ERS, USDA. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/84973/err-237.pdf?v=42979
FAO, WFP, IFAD (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012. Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. Rome, FAO.
Bickel G; Nord M; Price C; Hamilton W; Cook J (2000). Guide to Measuring Household Food Security. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Alexandria VA. March, 2000. https://fns-prod.azureedge.net/sites/default/files/FSGuide_0.pdf
FAO, IFAD, WFP (2013). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013. The multiple dimensions of food security. Rome, FAO. http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3434e/i3434e.pdf
UN (2013). “Sustainable food systems vital to end hunger, malnutrition, UN says on World Food Day”. UN news center. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=46269#.WcdMv7IjHtQ
FAO (2006). Food Security. Policy Brief. http://www.fao.org/forestry/13128-0e6f36f27e0091055bec28ebe830f46b3.pdf
Birgit M, Rosen S (2013). International Food Security Assessment, 2013- 2023, GFA-24, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, June 2013. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/37256/38084_gfa-24a.pdf?v=41613
Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S, Lahelma E (2001). Food insecurity is associated with past and present economic disadvantage and body mass index. J Nutr, 131(11): 2880-4.
Cook JT, Frank DA, Levenson SM et al (2006). Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children’s health. J Nutr, 136 (4): 1073-6.
Weigel MM, Armijos RX, Posada Hall Y et al (2007). The Household Food Insecurity and Health Outcomes of U.S.–Mexico Border Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers. J Immigr Minor Health, 9 (3): 157–169.
Daneshi-Maskooni M, Badri-Fariman M, Habibi N et al (2017). The Relationship between Food Insecurity and Esophageal and Gastric Cancers: A Case-Control Study. J Res Health Sci, 17(2): E1-6.
Seligman HK, Laraia BA, Kushel MB (2010). Food Insecurity Is Associated with Chronic Disease among Low-Income NHANES Participants. J Nutr, 140(2): 304-10.
Dastgiri S, Tutunchi H, Ostadrahimi A, Mahboob S (2007). Sensitivity and specificity of a short questionnaire for food insecurity surveillance in Iran. Food Nutr Bull, 28 (1): 55-8.
Hasan-Ghomi M, Mirmiran P, Amiri Z et al (2012). The Association of Food Security and Dietary Variety in Subjects Aged Over 40 in District 13 of Tehran. Iran J Endocrinol Metab, 14 (4): 360-367.
Sharafkhani R, Dastgiri S, Gharaaghaji R et al (2010). The Role of Household Structure on the Prevalence of Food Insecurity. Eur J Gen Med, 7 (4): 385-388.
Dastgiri S, Sharafkhani R, Gharaaghaji-Asl R, Ghavamzadeh S (2011). Prevalence, influencing factors and control of food insecurity: a model in the northwest of Iran. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 20 (4): 613-7.
Gholami A, Rezaei-Sani T, Askari M et al (2013). Food Insecurity Status and Associated Factors among Rural Households in North-East of Iran. Int J Prev Med, 4 (9): 1018-1024.
Rafiei M, Rastegari HA, Ghiasi M, Shahsanaie V (2013). Household Food Security in Isfahan Based on Current Population Survey Adapted Questionnaire. Int J Prev Med, 4(12):1421-8.
Mohammadi F, Omidvar N, Houshiar-Rad A et al (2011). Validity of an adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in urban households in Iran. Public Health Nutr, 15(1): 149-57.
Sterne JA, Harbord RM (2004). Funnel plots in meta-analysis. Stata J, 4(2): 127-141.
Mohammadi-Nasrabadi F, Omidvar N, Khoshfetrat MR. Kolahdooz F (2014). Household food insecurity in the Islamic Republic of Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. East Mediterr Health J, 20(11): 698-706.
Ghassemi H, Harrison G, Mohammad K (2002). An accelerated nutrition transition in Iran. Public Health Nutr, 5 (1a): 149–155.
Kimiagar M (1996). National Comprehensive Study on Household Food Consumption Pattern and Nutritional Status in IR Iran, 1991–1995. Tehran: National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Center of Agricultural Economic Studies and Planning [In Persian].
Kalantari N, Ghaffarpour M, Houshiarrad A et al (2005). National Comprehensive Study on Household Food Consumption Pattern and Nutritional Status, IR Iran, 2001–2003. National Report, 1 (1) [In Persian].
Mohammadi-Nasrabadi F. Measurement and modeling of household food security in urban households in the city of Tehran [PhD thesis]. Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 2008 [in Farsi].
Lofgren H, Richards A (2003). Food security, poverty, and economic policy in the Middle East and North Africa. In Food, Agriculture, and Economic Policy in the Middle East and North Africa, (pp. 1-31). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. http://www.eldis.org/vfile/upload/1/document/0708/DOC13693.pdf
IISD (2010). Food Security: The Brazilian case. Series on Trade and Food Security–Policy Report. http://www.iisd.org/sites/default/files/publications/food_security_brazil.pdf
Deitchler M, Ballard T, Swindale A, Coates J (2011). Introducing a simple measure of household hunger for cross-cultural use. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II project, AED. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/wa_workshop/docs/HH_Hunger_Scale.pdf
Bawadi HA, Tayyem RF, Dwairy AN, Al-Akour N (2012). Prevalence of food insecurity among women in Northern Jordan. J Health Popul Nutr, 30(1):49–55.
CCHS (2012). Household food insecurity in Canada in 2007–2008: Key statistics and graphics. Health Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/food-nutrition/food-nutrition-surveillance/health-nutrition-surveys/canadian-community-health-survey-cchs/household-food-insecurity-canada-overview/household-food-insecurity-canada-2007-2008-key-statistics-graphics-food-nutrition-surveillance-health-canada.html
Nord M, Coleman-Jensen A, Andrews M, Carlson S (2010). Household food security in the United States, 2009. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Economic Research Service. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/44776/7024_err108_1_.pdf?v=41056
Holland AC, Kennedy MC, Hwang SW (2011). The assessment of food security in homeless individuals: a comparison of the Food Security Survey Module and the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale. Public Health Nutr, 14 (12):2254–9.
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO (2017). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2017. Rome, FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/a-I7695E.pdf
FAO (2009). World Summit on Food Security Bulletin. Rome, FAO. http://enb.iisd.org/download/pdf/sd/ymbvol150num7e.pdf
Abolhassani MH, Kolahdooz F, Majdzadeh R et al (2015). Identification and Prioritization of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Indices in Iran. Iran J Public Health, 44 (2): 244-253.
Safarpour M, Dorosty-Motlagh A, Hosseini SM et al (2014). Prevalence and Outcomes of Food Insecurity and Its Relationship with Some Socioeconomic Factors. Knowledge Health, 8 (4):193-198.
Basirat R, Salehi Abargouei A, Esmaillzadeh A (2012). The association between household food insecurity and childhood obesity among Iranian school-aged children in Farokhshahr. Koomesh, 13 (2): 254-263.
Salarkia N, Abdollahi M, Amini M, Eslami-Amirabadi M (2011). Validation and Use of the HFIAS Questionnaire for Measuring Household Food Insecurity in Varamin-2009. Iran J Endocrinol Metab, 13 (4): 374-383.
Mohammadzadeh A, Dorosty-Motlagh AR, Eshraghian MR (2011). Household food security status and food consumption among high school students in Esfahan, Iran. Iran J Epidemiol, 7(1): 38-43. [In Persian].
Payab M, Dorosty Motlagh AR, Eshraghian MR, Siassi F, karimi T (2012). The association between food insecurity, socio-economic factors and dietary intake in mothers having primary school children living in Ray 2010. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol, 7 (1): 75-84.
Ramesh T, Dorosty-Motlagh AR, Abdollahi M (2010). Prevalence of Household Food Insecurity in the city of Shiraz and its Association with Socio-economic and demographic Factors, 2008. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol, 4 (4): 53-64. [In Persian].
Hakim S, Dorosty Motlagh AR, Eshraghian MR (2012). Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Its Correlates. Payesh, 11 (6): 791-797. [In Persian].
Rezazadeh A, Omidvar N, Eini-Zinab H et al (2016). Food insecurity, socio-economic factors and weight status in two Iranian ethnic groups. Ethn Health, 21 (3): 233-50.
Kiyan F, Farhadian H, Chobchian SH (2016). Food insecurity assess of urban household of Alborz province. J Food Sci Technol, 13 (55): 167-179. [In Persian].