Iranian Journal of Public Health 2017. 46(8):1079-1085.

Prognosis and Risk Factors Influencing Recurrence in Surgery-treated Patients with Primary Sacral Tumors
Xiliang DANG, Liping LIAN, Dongsheng WU

Abstract


Background: We aimed to explore the prognosis and risk factors influencing tumor recurrence in surgery-treated patients with primary sacral tumors.

Methods: Fifty-six patients between February 2011 and December 2016 in Yishui Central Hospital with primary sacral tumors were selected and treated with radical surgeries. The perioperative outcomes and postoperative neurological functions were observed. After postoperative follow-up, the overall survival time (OS), disease-free survival time (DFS), and recurrence were recorded to analyze the potential risk factors influencing tumor recurrence.

Results: The average surgical duration and intraoperative hemorrhagic volume were 3.92 ± 1.46 h and 2, 348.21 ± 813.67 ml, respectively. The postoperative short-term complications included three patients with infection from obstructed drainage and two with skin flap necrosis-induced infection, who recovered after anti-infection therapies; nine with incision-edge necrosis; two with calf muscle venous thrombosis; and one with an endorhachis cerebrospinal fluid fistula, who recovered after conventional treatment. Among patients, the 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 91.07% (51/56), 82.14% (46/56), and 75.00% (42/56) while the 1-, 2- and 3-year DFS rates were 89.29% (50/56), 78.57% (44/56) and 71.43% (40/56), respectively. Of the 56 patients, 16 had recurrence after surgery, with recurrence rate of 28.57%. It was predicated that surgical methods and local infiltration were the independent risk factors influencing tumor recurrence (P<0.01).

Conclusion: The reservation of bilateral S3 or > unilateral S3 nerves can improve quality of life of patients. Surgical methods and local infiltration are the independent risk factors influencing tumor recurrence, and extensive resection can effectively control the recurrence rate.

 


Keywords


Surgical resection; Sacral tumor; Neurological function; Recurrence; Disease-free survival time

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