Iranian Journal of Public Health 2017. 46(8):1028-1037.

Health-related Quality of Life and Mental Health of Elderly by Occupational Status
Yeunhee KWAK, Yoonjung KIM

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to identify the association between health-related quality of life and mental health by elderly Koreans’ occupational status.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-3 (2012). The sample comprised 1431 people aged 65 yr and older.

Results: Compared to participants employed, those not showed lower HRQOL. Occupational status significantly affected all of the EuroQoL-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D): mobility, self-care, usual activity, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Unemployed participants had more suicidal ideation. Among employed elderly persons, significant differences were found between manual and non-manual workers in the EQ-5D index and EQ-5D for mobility and pain/discomfort. Manual workers experienced more depression and suicidal ideation than did non-manual workers.

Conclusion: The occupational status of elderly individuals accounts for differences in their quality of life and mental health status. Therefore, additional jobs should be created for the elderly in order to improve their quality of life and mental health.

 


Keywords


Quality of life; Mental health; Employment; Aged

Full Text:

PDF

References


Korea National Statistical Office (2014). 2014 Elderly’s statistics. Abailable from: http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1496.

Hsu HC (2007). Does social participation by the elderly reduce mortality and cognitive impairment? Aging Ment Health, 11(6): 699–707.

Shin KR, Byeon YS, Kang YH, Oak JW (2008). A study on physical symptom, activity of daily living, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the community- dwelling older adults. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm, 33: 437–444.

Kwon JD (2000). A study of factor influencing the life satisfaction of the aged. J Korean Geriatr Soc, 3(3): 61–76.

Chiao C, Weng L-J, Botticello AL (2011). Social participation reduces depressive symptoms among older adults: an 18-year longitudinal analysis in Taiwan. BMC Public Health, 11: 292.

Choi KS, Stewart R, Dewey M (2013). Participation in productive activities and depression among older Europeans: Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 28: 1157–1165.

Donnelly EA, Hinterlong JE (2009). Changes in social participation and volunteer activity among recently widowed older adults. Gerontologist, 50: 158–169.

Hao Y (2008). Productive activities and psychological well-being among older adults. . J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 63B(2): S64–S72.

Holkup PA (2003). Evidence-based protocol: Elderly suicide-secondary prevention. J Gerontol Nurs, 29(6): 6–17.

Hsu HC, Jones BL (2012). Multiple trajectories of successful aging of older and younger cohorts. Gerontologist, 52: 843–856.

Bailey M, McLaren S (2005). Physical activity alone and with others as predictors of sense of belonging and mental health in retirees. Aging Ment Health, 9(1): 82–90.

Breeze E, Jones DA, Wilkinson P, Latif AM, Bulpitt CJ, Fletcher AE (2004). Association of quality of life in old age in Britain with socioeconomic position: baseline data from a randomised controlled trial. J Epidemiol Community Health, 58: 667–673.

DeLateur BJ (1997). Quality of life: a patient-centered outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 78: 273–239.

McAuley E, Konopack JF, Motl RW, Morris KS, Doerksen SE, Rosengren KR (2006). Physical activity and quality of life in older adults: influence of health status and self-efficacy. Ann Behav Med, 31: 99–103.

Park BY, Ko DS, Park HS (2013). Relationship between job characteristics and quality of life among some elderly. J Prev Med Public Health, 8(6): 941–947.

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). Korea Health Statistics 2012: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-3). Available from: https://knhanes.cdc.go.kr/knhanes/index.do.

The EuroQoL Group (1990). EuroQol – A new facility for the measurement of health-related quality of life. Health Policy, 16: 199–208.

Lee YK, Nam HS, Chung LH, et al. (2009). South Korean time trade-off values for EQ-5D health status: modeling with observed values for 101 health states. Value Health, 12: 1187–1193.

Statistics Korea (2007). Korean Standard Classification of Occupations 2007. Available from: http://kostat.go.kr/e_book/kssc/KSCO07/EBook.htm.

Son JA, Park SM (2011). A study on the characteristics of employed elderly-focusing on employment status transition. Korean J Hum Ecol, 20: 285–298.

Kim SY, Jung MY, Kim KN (2014). Factors associated with suicidal ideation by age group among Korean adults using the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V, 2012). Korean J Health Educ Promot, 31(2): 1–14.

Sohn SY (2009). A study on health status and health related quality of life by job characteristics in Korean adult women. Korean J Occup Health Nurs, 18(1): 33–43.

Kim KU, Park SG, Kim HC, Lim JH, Lee SJ, Jeon SH, Huh YS (2012). Association between long working hours and suicidal ideation. Korean J Occup Environ Med, 24: 339–346.

Nishimura M, Terao T, Soeda S, Nakamura J, Iwata N, Sakamotoc K (2004). Suicide and occupation: further supportive evidence for their relevance. Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry, 28: 83–87.

Oh JK, Cho YT, Kim CY (2005). Socio-demographic characteristics of suicides in South Korea. Health Soc Sci, 18: 191–210.

Stallones L, Doenges T, Dik BJ, Valley MA (2013). Occupation and suicide: Colorado, 2004–2006. Am J Ind Med, 56: 1290–1295.

Bize R, Johnson JA, Plotnikoff RC (2007). Physical activity level and health-related quality of life in the general adult population: a systematic review. Prev Med, 45: 401–415.

Kawachi I, Berkman LF (2001). Social ties and mental health. J Urban Health 78: 458–467.

Nock MK, Borges G, Bromet EJ, et al. (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Br J Psychiatry, 192(2): 98–105.

Chin YR, Lee HY, So ES (2011). Suicidal ideation and associated factors by sex in Korean adults: a population-based cross-sectional survey. Int J Public Health, 56(4): 429-439.

Kim HK, Go SH, Jeong SH (2010). Suicidal ideation and risk factors among the elderly in Korea. J Korean Acad Community Health Nursing, 24: 82–92.

Karch D (2011). Sex differences in suicide incident characteristics and circumstances among older adults: surveillance data from the National Violent Death Reporting System—417 U. S. States, 2007–2009. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 8: 3479–3495.

Jeon G, Jang S, Rhee S, Kawachi I, Cho S (2007). Gender differences in correlates of mental health among elderly Koreans. . J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 62B(5): S323–S329.

Shirai K, Iso H, Fukuda H, Toyoda Y, Takatorige T, Tatara K (2006) Factors associated with ‘Ikigai’ among members of a public temporary employment agency for seniors (Silver Human Resources Centre) in Japan; gender differences. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 27(4): 12.

Taylor BA, Bengston WL (2001). Sociological perspectives on productive aging. In N. Morrow-Howell, J. Hinterlong, & M. Sherraden (Eds.), Productive aging: Concepts and challenges. Baltimore MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Park JY, Moon KT, Chae YM, Jung SH (2008.) Effect of sociodemographic factors, cancer, psychiatric disorder on suicide: Gender and age-specific patterns. J Prev Med Public Health, 41(1): 51–60.

Orui M, Kawakami N, Iwata N, Takeshima T, Fukao A (2011). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders and its relationship to suicidal ideation in a Japanese rural community with high suicide and alcohol consumption rates. Environ Health Prev Med, 16: 384–389.

Song IH, Kim HJ (2010). Depressive mood, suicidal ideation, and alcohol drinking behavior among married employees. Mental Health Social Work, 36(12): 5–34.

Hughes JR (2008). Smoking and suicide: a brief overview. Drug Alcohol Depend, 98: 169–178.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.